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SEPTEMBER201215DROUGHTSAREbecomingmorecommonplaceandsevereinoodproducingareasaroundtheworld.Thatx19spromptingtheagriculturalindustrytodeveloptechnolo-giesandmanagementpracticesthatwillhelpimprovecropyieldsunderthekindowater-limitedconditionsthatmanyexpertspredictaregoingtobecomeincreasinglyprevalent.Inits2009reportChartingOurWaterFutureWaterResourcesGroup2030statesx1cInjust20years...thedemandorwaterwillbe40percenthigherthanitistodayandmorethan50percenthigherinthemostrapidlydevelopingcountries.Historicratesosupplyexpansionandefciencyimprovementwillcloseonlyaractionothisgap.x1dFewindustriesaremoreacutelyawareotheneedtostretchwaterresourcesthantheagricultureindustrywhichusesabout70percentotheworldx19sreshwatersupply.AccordingtotheFAOittakes1500litersowatertoproduceonekiloowheatand15000literstoproduceonekiloobee.SolutionsareComingAgriculturalproductioninmanycountriesisalreadysueringromtheeectsoreducedwatersupplies.TheUnitedKingdomx19swheatharvestisexpectedtodropbyatleast15percentthisyearbecauseodroughtconditionsinearly2011.InAustraliawhichisalreadytheworldx19sdriestcontinentagricultureisthreatenedbyincreasedsalinityinwater.Agriculturehoweveralsohasthemeanstobecomeabigpartothesolutiontowardsclosingtheuturex1cwatergapx1daccordingtoWaterSourcesGroup2030.Accordingtothereportx1cinallothecasestudiesagriculturalwaterproductiv-itymeasurescontributetowardsclosingthewatergapincreas-ingx1ccropperdropx1dthroughamixoimprovedefciencyowaterapplicationandthenetwatergainsthroughcropyieldenhancement.x1dPerhapssuchoptimismexplainswhytheagricultureindus-tryhasbeensoproactiveintryingtofndsolutionstothecom-plexissueomakingplantsmorewaterefcientandtoleranttothestressesthatdroughtcanconeronthem.x1cItiscriticallyimportanttoustobeinvolvedinproduc-ingmorewithlesslandandbetterutilizinginputsinsustain-ableagriculturalsystemsx1dsaysDirkBensonheadocorntraitprojectmanagementorSyngentax19sResearchandDevelopment.x1cWhethertheinputsaregeneticstraitschemistrieswaterorertilizersitcomesdowntounderstandinghowtomaximizethetoolkitthataarmerhastogetstablehighyieldsintheenviron-mentthatheisarmingin.x1dSyngentahasdevelopedatechnologythroughitsnativebreedingprogramthatgiveshigheryieldsinwater-limitedenvi-ronmentswithoutsacrifcingyieldinhighyieldingenviron-ments.UnderthebrandnameAgrisureArtesianitintroducedthreecornhybridsin2011whichwillbecommerciallyavailabletogrowersthisyear.Sixmoreareundergoingwideareatestingin2012andshouldbecommerciallyavailablenextspring.x1cWeseethesecornhybridsastoolsarmerscanusetosta-bilizeyieldsovertimex1dsaysWayneFithianSyngentax19stechnicalcornportolioproductlead.x1cOurAgrisureArtesianproductlinemaximizesyieldwhenitrainsandincreasesyieldwhenitdoesnx19t.Theseproductscanreducetheamountodrought-relatedyielddipsthathappenwhendroughtoccurs.x1dSyngentaislookingtoapplyandglobalizethesametechnol-ogyinothercropssuchaswheatandsunx0owers.ItiscurrentlyworkingonprojectcollaborationsinAsiaundedbytheSyngentaFoundationorSustainableAgriculturetobringthistechnologytolow-yieldingmarginalareasoAsia.x1cWeareprovidingthesearmerswithimprovedgeneticsthatwillimprovetheiryieldsinwater-limitedenvironmentsx1dsaysDirk.AdvancesinTechnologyLeadingtheWayGenomicsisoneothetechnolo-giesthatisplayingakeyroleinthedevelopmentomoredrought-toler-antstrainsandhascausedashitinthinkingandresearchmethodologiesoverthelastdecade.x1cOverthelasttenyearsoresearchwehavestartedtoapplyourmolecularcapabilityusinggenomicstechnologytosequencethegenomesocropsx1dsaysMarkCooperseniorresearchellowatPioneerHi-Bred.x1cThathashelpedustoidentiythenativevariationsthatexistatthegeneticlevelandbetterunderstandsomeothecomplexitieswearedealingwith.Thathasthenhelpedustoinvestigatewaysotryingtofndnoveldiversityoutsideothecrop.Thatknowledgehasstartedtoenablesomeotheleadingresearchorganizationsthathavebeendoingthistypeoworktobuildsomeproductdevelopmentstrategiesthatreallybringthosecapabilitiestogether.x1dPioneerrecentlycommercializedasuiteohybridcornprod-uctsunderitsOptimumAQUAmaxbrandthatoergrowersanadvantageinwater-limitedenvironmentswhilemaintaininghighyieldsundermoreoptimalconditions.InitiallylaunchedinINAGRICULTUREDroughtisthemajorenvironmentalconditionwhichlimitsagriculturalproductivityworldwide.