Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
Page 25
Page 26
Page 27
Page 28
Page 29
Page 30
Page 31
Page 32
Page 33
Page 34
Page 35
Page 36
Page 37
Page 38
Page 39
Page 40
Page 41
Page 42
Page 43
Page 44
Page 45
Page 46
Page 47
Page 48
Page 49
Page 50
Page 51
Page 52
Page 53
Page 54
Page 55
Page 56
Page 57
Page 58
Page 59
Page 60
16SEEDWORLD.COMthewesternpartotheU.S.CornBeltthecompanyispreparingtoalsoentertheEuropeanandotherglobalmarketswiththesametechnology.Droughttoleranceandwateruseefciencyarecomplexinnovationsinvolvinggeneticsbutalsoothertechnologies.x1cWhenwetalkaboutourgeneticcapabilitywearetalkingaboutourabilitytobringingenesromotherspeciesthroughgeneticmodifcationx1dsaysDirk.x1cButwearealsolookingatourunder-standingochemistryinthesecroppingsystems.Itx19saboutweeddiseaseandinsectcontrolitx19saboutyieldingmorewithlesswaterandthetimingowaterapplications.Itx19saverycomplexsetointeractionsthatyouaretryingtomanage.Soeverythingrommobilephonestohigh-qualitygeneticsarethingsthatweareworkingonbeingabletodeployinarmersx19handsthatallowthemtoreallyunderstandhowtomaximizetheiryieldpotentialgiventhelimitsthattheyace.x1dWorkingTogetherSuchcomplexitymeansthatglobalcollaborationisneededtobringtogetherthebestresearchandexpertiseinsolvingdrought-relatedissuesorcropproduction.Therearemanyexamplesoprivateandpublicsectororganizationsresearchacilitiesgov-ernmentsNGOsandagri-businesscompaniesworkingtogetherondrought-relatedprojectsworldwide.TheDROPSConsortiuminitiatedbytheInstitutNationaldelaRecherchAgronomiqueoFrancebringstogether15leadingresearchersandtheirrespectiveorganizationstodevelopsolutionsordroughtinimportantcropsincludingmaize.BothSyngentaandPioneerHi-Bredwhichhasbeeninvolvedindrought-tolerantresearchsince1957aremembersotheEuropean-ledconsortium.AnimportantpartotheexpertisethatPioneerHi-BredisbringingtotheDROPSprojectarethecompanyx19sproprietaryandadvancedmodelingcapabilitiesormaizewhicharehelpingtostreamlinetheresearchprocess.x1cThechallengeisgreatandiwetriedtodoeverythingjustempiricallyandtesteverypos-siblegenotypeineveryenvironmentitwouldbeanimpossibletaskx1dsaysCooper.x1cWenowhavesomepredictivemodelingcapabilitiesthatarehelpingustoocusandront-loadintoourexperimentsgeneticsandmanagementpracticesthatwepredictaregoingtohaveamuchhigherlikelihoodosuccess.BymakingthesetechnologiesaccessibletotheteamsintheDROPSprojectweareyearsaheadowherewewouldhavebeeniwewerestartingwithoutthosetoolsbeingavailabletotheDROPSprojectteamandthebroaderscientifccommunityx1dheadds.WaterEicientMaizeorAricaisanotherprojectthatillustratestheeectivenessoglobalpublicprivatecollaboration.Initiatedin2008WEMAisanongoingprojectledbytheAricanAgriculturalTechnologyFoundation.OtherpartnersincludenationalagriculturalresearchprogramsinKenyaMozambiqueSouthAricaTanzaniaandUgandatheInternationalMaizeandWheatImprovementCenterandMonsanto.Eachpartnerintheprojectbringssomethinguniquetothetable.Monsantox19scontributionstotheWEMAprojectincludetheprovisionomaizegermplasmtoenablethebreedingeortstheoerotechnicalexpertisetodevelopanddeploylocallyadaptedmaizehybridsandthedonationoitscommercialdrought-toleranttraitroyalty-ree.WEMAusestoolssuchasstate-o-the-artcropimprovementtechnologiesbestmanagementpracticesandbiotechnologytohelparmersmanagedroughtriskthroughthedevelopmentanddeploy-mentodrought-tolerantmaizevarietiestosmallholderarmers.StewardshipMattersTechnologiesbythemselvesarenx19taseectivewithouttheappropriatemanagementinplacesoanotherpartothehugedrought-tolerancepuzzleinvolvesstewardshippracticesandexaminationohowcroppingsystemsaremanagedbothduringgrowingseasonsandbetweenthem.Syngentahasstatedthatitbelievesagriculturalpolicieswillhavetomakewaterefciencyapriorityinordertomanagewaterscarcityandgrowerswillneedincentivesandimprovedinra-structuretoimplementbetterwatermanagement.AccordingtotheSyngentawebsitex1cUpto40percentothewaterusedbysomearmersislostduetoinefcientpracticessuchasfeldx0ooding.Weneedtobroadenourocustoincludelandproduc-tivityandwaterproductivity.Wehavetogetthehighestyieldoutoeverydrop.Drought-tolerantseedscanhelpproducereli-ableyieldsevenwhenwaterisscarce.x1dPioneerHi-Bredisanothercompanythatrecognizestheimportanceomanagementpractices.x1cPioneercertainlyworkswithgrowersworldwidetoemphasizetheimportanceoputtingtherightproductontherightacrex1dsaysCooper.x1cWeknowthatsomehybridsaregoingtobebettersuitedtodierentmanage-mentconditionseachowhichutilizethewaterresourcesthatareavailabledierentlyandwatermanagementisacriticalpartothat.Anobviousexampleisthatiyoumanipulatetheplantpopulationinafeldthisisgoingtoimpacttherateatwhichwaterisextractedromanyparticularacrebythatcropstand.x1cDierentgeneticsaregoingtoperormindierentwaysdependingontheplantsx19cyclesogrowthanddevelopmenthowtheplantsaccesswaterandhowtheyutilizewaterastheygothroughtheircriticaldevelopmentalstagesoraccumulationobiomassandpartitioningothebiomassintograinyield.x1dLookingAheadTheseglobaleortsrex0ectthetrueglobalnatureodroughtandotherwater-relatedissues.Theactorsthataecttheavail-abilityandqualityowaterworldwidesuchasclimatechangepopulationgrowthandsocio-politicalactorsareascomplexasthehydrologicalcycleitsel.TheUnitedNationssaysawarmingclimatewillberespon-sibleordecliningrainallinsomeregionsglacialmeltinothersrisingsealevelsandmorenaturalweather-relateddisasters.TheburgeoningcitiesoHoustonandSydneyarealreadyusingmorewaterthanisreplenishedandwiththeworldpopulationpredictedtoreach9billionpeopleby2050usingwatermoreefcientlyisanecessityasissustainingtheagriculturalsystemsthatwilleedthem.AngelaLovell