Seed World

Rijk Zwaan Lettuce Varieties Resistant Against New Downy Mildew Race

Source: Rijk Zwaan

Downy mildew is a major threat in lettuce. The fungus can damage the lettuce leaves in both protected and open-field crops, resulting in a loss of yield. Last year the European Commission of the International Bremia Evaluation Board (IBEB-EU) identified a widely occurring new variant of downy mildew in lettuce. As of June 1, 2021, it has officially been named Bl:37EU. The large majority of Rijk Zwaan’s current lettuce varieties are resistant to the new race of downy mildew.

BI:37EU downy mildew (Bremia lactucae, Bl) has been found in multiple regions in France in the past years and more recently also in Spain, Portugal and Italy. IBEB-EU expects this race to spread further in the summer and autumn of this year, although it is currently difficult to predict which areas will actually be affected.

The development of resistances against downy mildew is one of the pillars of vegetable breeding company Rijk Zwaan’s lettuce breeding program.

“Downy mildew is evolving genetically all the time and a large number of isolates of the plant fungus are already known worldwide. In our breeding program we are continuously working on improving the traits of our lettuce varieties, including resistances to new downy mildew variants. The large majority of Rijk Zwaan’s current lettuce varieties are resistant to the new BI:37EU race of downy mildew,” comments Johan Schut, breeding manager, lettuce. The Rijk Zwaan crop specialists are happy to explain more about the company’s range of lettuce varieties and their resistances.

Rijk Zwaan is a strong advocate of an integral approach to combating plant diseases in order to reduce the use of chemicals. Although resistant varieties play an important role in this, the company also advises crop protection agents and hygiene measures to prevent new downy mildew variants from developing. Good hygiene practices such as burying crop residues and promptly removing diseased plants help to limit the spread of downy mildew in lettuce.