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SEEDWORLD.COMINTERNATIONALMARKETSGROWGLOBALIZATIONGAINSOPERATINGONAWHOLENEWLEVELMODERNIZINGSEEDMOVEMENTISFWORLDSEEDCONGRESS2013BEEHEALTHSTRESSORSSeptember2013TECHNOLOGYTAKEOFFFarmerscontinuetobuyintobiotech Performance4Fourfoldcompetenceinproductsservicescoatingsandequipment.Fourfoldfocusonyourneeds.BayerSeedGrowththefullyintegratedsystemforon-seedapplications.Performance4fromasinglesource.Visitourwebsitewww.seedgrowth.bayer.comtolearnmore.BayerCropScienceAGAlfred-Nobel-Str.5040789MonheimGermanyBayerCropScienceAG2013 SEPTEMBER20131SEPT1304SIZINGUPTHESEEDMARKETTheglobalseedmarketisexpectedtoenjoycontinuedgrowthintheyearstocome.10TECHNOLOGYTAKEOFFProductionandsustainabilitybenefitsdrawmorefarmerstobiotechcrops.16GLOBALIZATIONRESHAPINGSEEDSECTORThemodernseedsectorisbecomingmoreglobalizedeverydayandagri-businessesarebenefittingasaresult.22TREATEDSEEDSTEWARDSHIPSeedassociationsinNorthAmericaandEuropearetakingactiontoenhancestewardshipstandardsfortreatedseedandhelpreduceenvironmentalrisks.28MODERNIZINGSEEDMOVEMENTINEUROPENewmarketingregulationsareexpectedtoprovidestrongerprivatesectorinvolvementexpertssay.30GREECEHOSTSISFWORLDSEEDCONGRESSIntellectualpropertyanditsenforcementwereamongthetopicsdiscussedduringthe2013ISFWorldSeedCongressrecentlyheldinAthensGreece.34GREEKTRIUMPHSeedWorldpublisherShawnBrooktellsuswhytheISFWorldSeedCongressinGreecewassucharousingsuccess.36ANEWTOOLFORPLANTBREEDERSPINTOisanewdatabasethatprovidesaccesstopatentinformationonplantvarietiescommerciallyavailableintheEuropeanUnionandEuropeanFreeTradeAgreementcountries.38BOWMANVS.MONSANTOArecentU.S.SupremeCourtrulingprovidestheseedindustrywithasenseofsecurity.DEPARTMENTS56CrossPollination58STRATEGY62WorldStatus64RegulatoryRoundup68IndustryNews72GiantViewsYOURFOCUSISINTERNATIONALTRADESizingUptheSeedMarket04GlobalizationReshapingSeedSector16ModernizingSeedMovementinEurope28ISFWorldSeedCongress30AfricanSeedIndustryFacesChallenges42TECHNOLOGYANDINNOVATIONTechnologyTakeoff10TreatedSeedStewardship22PINTODatabase36SALESANDMARKETINGModernizingSeedMovementinEurope28Bowmanvs.Monsanto38IndustryNews6842AFRICANSEEDINDUSTRYFACESCHALLENGESSeedWorldcolumnistDennisThompsondiscussessomeofthechallengesfacingtheAfricanseedindustryandthepotentialforgrowthacrossthecontinent.46PLANTBREEDINGCOMMUNITYGATHERSINTAMPAMembersoftheNationalAssociationofPlantBreedersandthePlantBreedingCoordinatingCommitteegatheredinFloridatonetworkandstrategizeduringtheirannualconference.50BEEHEALTHSTRESSORSIndustrystakeholdersstudytheeffectsofstressorsonhoneybeehealthinanefforttocombatdecliningsurvivorshiprates.22 2SEEDWORLD.COMSeptember2013PUBLISHEDBYIssuesInkissuesink.com1395-AS.ColumbiaRoadPMB360GrandForksND58201-9907PUBLISHERShawnBrooksbrookissuesink.comEDITORKariBelangerkbelangerissuesink.comASSOCIATEEDITORJimTimlickjtimlickissuesink.comSTAFFWRITERSJenGolletzMarkHalsallShannonSchindleMARKETINGCraigArmstrongcarmstrongissuesink.comAdriaGrewalagrewalissuesink.comHitenShahhshahissuesink.comCREATIVEWadeClisbyJeffHiebertLesleyNakonechnyCIRCULATIONBradGordonbgordonissuesink.comCamMitchellcmitchellissuesink.comCONTRIBUTORSKatharinaBednarzMariaBrownMarcelBruinsBarbaraCampbellJulieMcNabbDennisThompsonJohnTownsJamesM.WeatherlyEDITORIALBOARDR.B.HalabyAgriCapitalBettyJones-BlissPurdueUniversityBillRompBeckerUnderwoodJohnSchoeneckerHarrisMoranSeedCo.JimSchweigertGroAllianceTomWiltroutDowAgroSciencesKarenWithersPenningtonSeedRonWulfkuhleGreenLeafGeneticsfacebook.comSeedWorldtwitter.comseedworldmagSUBSCRIPTIONSSeedWorldispublishedsixtimesayear.NorthAmericansubscriptionratesareoneyearUSD45.00twoyearsUSD80.00.InternationaloneyearUSD95.00.Tosubscribepleaseemailsubscribeissuesink.com.Pleaserecyclewherefacilitiesexist.Nopartofthismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthewrittenpermissionofthepublisher.PrintedintheUnitedStates.Nobodyunderstandstheimportanceofhelpingeachseedreachitsgeneticpotentialmorethanwedo.AtValentU.S.A.Corporationwerepassionateaboutdevelopinginnovativeproductsthathelpgrowersgetthebestreturnontheirinvestment.AndourparentcompanySumitomoChemicalCompanyLimitedisdedicatedtoinvestinginnewseedprotectiontechnologies.Weunderstandthateventhebestchemistriescanbemadebetterwiththerightformulationsandourexperiencedteamofworld-classresearchersworkstirelesslytodiscoverthem.Ourpatent-pendingLockTightTechnologyischangingthefaceofseedprotectionwithunmatchedretentionhandlingandperformance.Tolearnmoreaboutourstate-of-the-artseedprotectionproductstalktoyourValentseedprotectionprofessionalorvisitwww.valent.com.NurturiNgseed.ProtectiNgiNvestmeNts.valeNtseedProtectioNLockTightisatrademarkandProductsThatWorkFromPeopleWhoCareandVSeedProtectionareregisteredtrademarksofValentU.S.A.Corporation.2012ValentU.S.A.Corporation.Allrightsreserved.12S-1028Alwaysreadandfollowlabelinstructions. Ifitsinthegeneswellhelpyoufindit...ForacompetitivequoteonallofyoursequencingandgenotypingneedspleasecontactCharlesPick4503582621ext.123charles.pickdnalandmarks.cawww.dnalandmarks.comForacompetitivequoteonallofyoursequencingandgenotypingneedspleasecontactCharlesPick4503582621ext.123charles.pickdnalandmarks.cawww.dnalandmarks.comaBASFPlantSciencecompanyTraitsandapplicationslistedareforexamplepurposesonly.Actualtraitlistsforspeciesavailableuponrequest.Traitsandapplicationslistedareforexamplepurposesonly.Actualtraitlistsforspeciesavailableuponrequest.TraitStatusBlastresistantDwarfgrowthhabitHighstarchgrainProductionQualityHybridpuritysuitableforproductionSecurityFingerprintedtoprotectfromvarietyinfringementDNAmarkerscantellyoualotaboutyourgermplasmwhileatthesametimeprotectingyourmostvaluableasset. 4SEEDWORLD.COMACCORDINGTOTHEInternationalSeedFederationtheglobalseedmarketwasworthapproximately47billionin2012with9.9billionothattotalbeinginternationallytraded.MarcelBruinssecretarygeneralotheISFsaysthereisnoquestiontheglobalseedindustryisgrowinginsize.Theseedindustrywillcontinuetogrowvigorouslythisisnotwishulthinkinghesaysaddingtheprooisinseedexportnumbers.Therehasbeenasteadyincreaseinglobalseedexportsoverthelastewyears4.5billionin2003to9.9billionin2011.EachyearISFcollectsexportandimportstatisticsoseedsbreakingthedatadownbyquantityinmetrictonnesandvaluemillionsUSDoseedsorsowing.Wecollectthisdataorallcountriesthatreportedavalueomorethan1million.Ontheexportsidethatwasor68countriesandontheimportsidedatawascollectedor106countries.ThedataincludesallcropsincludingowerseedsbutnotseedpotatoesexplainsBruins.Somestrikingdevelopmentsin2011whichsignifedsizeandgrowthaccordingtoBruinsincludedtheollowingTheoverallinternationalvalueofseedtradeimportsandexportcombinedhasincreasedtoslightlymorethan19billionuprom16billionin2010.Seedexportsin2011increasedto9.9billionupfrom8.3billionin2010.Francehasbecomethelargestseedexportingcountrywithavalueo1.6billioncloselyollowedbytheNetherlands1.5billionandtheUnitedStates1.4billion.TherewasgoodgrowthofseedexportsinHungaryLatviaLithuaniaLuxemburgPakistanPeruRomaniaSlovakiaThailandtheU.K.andUkraine.TherewasadecreaseofseedexportsinAustriaBulgariaColombiaMoldovaandSweden.Seedimportsin2011increasedto9.1billionupfrom7.8billionin2010.TherewasgoodgrowthofseedimportsinCzechRepublicGeorgiaIndonesiaIrelandLatviaLuxemburgMoldovaNicaraguaSerbiaSouthKoreaSriLankaUkraineandUzbekistan.TherewasadecreaseofseedimportsintoBurkinaFasoEthiopiaGreeceHondurasIraqPanamaParaguaySudanSwedenThailandtheU.K.andUruguay.Bruinssaystheimportexportnumbersor2012arebeingcollectednowandwillbereleasedlaterthisall.Withtheadoptionofnewtechnologyaroundtheglobeandmoremouthstofeedtheseedindustryisexperiencingrapidgrowth.WhatsizeistheglobalseedindustrytodayandhowisthisgoingtochangeinthefutureSizingUptheSeedSector SEPTEMBER20135EquippingAgRetailersandProducersSince1974BulkSeedSitesNovoSeedCarePrescriptionManagementSystem800-247-1854SeedBoxesTreatersSeedPodsSeedOrderonline247Farmchem.comTendersConveyorshandlingtreatmentequipmentandIndustryAnalysisTherehavebeenotherreportsreleasedrecentlythatocusonthesizeotodaysglobalseedindustryanditsoutlookortheuture.AccordingtoamarketreportpublishedbyTransparencyMarketResearchtitledCommercialConventionalandBiotechGMSeedsMarketforSoybeanCornCottonandOthersGlobalIndustryAnalysisSizeShareGrowthTrendsandForecast2012-2018theglobalcommercialseedsmarketwasvaluedat34.5billionin2011andisexpectedtoreach53.32billionin2018growingatacompoundannualgrowthrateo6.5percentrom2012to2018.AccordingtothereportGMseedisleadingthatgrowththeglobalGMseedmarketwasvaluedat15.6billionin2011andisexpectedtoreach30.21billionin2018growingatacompoundannualgrowthrateo9.9percentrom2012to2018.ThegrowingpopulationcoupledwithdecreasingarablelandisakeydriverinuencingtheacceptanceoGMseedsintheworldsaysthereport.Cornwasthelargestcommercially-growncropandaccountedormorethan40percentoglobalseedconsumptionin2011.Growthinthismarketisprimarilyueledbytheuseocorninthemanuacturingoethanolwhichisanalternateueltypesaysthereport.Thecommercialcornmarketisexpectedtoreach24.26billionin2018.Soybeanvegetableandcerealsaretheotherlargelyconsumedseedsandaccountedormorethan35percentotheglobalconsumptionin2011.IntermsowhatregionshavemarketshareNorthAmericawasthelargestmarketforcommercialseedsaccountingforover30percentofthetotalmarketin2011.AsiaPacicandLatinAmericaareexpectedtoshowthefastestgrowthovertheorecastperiodowingtotheevolvingmethodsoarmingintheseregionssaysthereport.ComparingtheNumbersBruinssaysthatwhilethesenumbersaresolidISFsestimateotheglobalseedmarkettodayiscloseto50billionalargervalue.Hesaysthedifferenceinvaluesislikelyduetodifferentmethodsofcollectingdata.Aswithallstatisticsitisveryimportanttocomparetherightdata.Whatgoesincomesout.Obviouslytherearedierentwaysoassessingthevalueotheglobalseedmarket.Onecanincludemoreorlesscountriescropsandotherparametershesays.ISFcollectsdataonanannualbasisromitsmembersocusingonthedomesticmarketorseedsineachcountryortheyearbeorewhichincludesfeldcropspulsescerealsindustrialcropsandoragesvegetablecropsandowersherbaceousandnon-herbaceousplantscultivatedmainlyorowers.WeaskourmemberstocollectdataonthevalueoseedsorplantingwhichissoldtoendusersexplainsBruinsaddingthatwhileISFdoesnthavethedataoall196countriesintheworlditdoesaskitsmembersorthecountriesnotonthislistitheyhavedataavailabletoshareaswell. 6SEEDWORLD.COMBruinsexpectsthatISFactuallyunderestimatesthetotalvalueotheglobalseedindustrybecauseNo.1wedonthavethedataoallcountriesintheworldonlyoaboutalittleover100countries.AndNo.2notallcountriesareabletoprovideuswithdataeachyear.Astheseedmarkettendstogrowanon-answeringeneralleadstoanunderestimationhesays.ExaminingGrowthFactorsAsecondreporttitledGlobalSeedIndustryOutlookto2016RapidEmergenceofGeneticallyModifiedSeedswhichwasreleasedearlierthisyearalsoprovidesacomprehensiveanalysisonthesizeotheseedmarketincludinggrainhorticultureoilvegetableandruitseed.ThereportcoversthesalesoseedsacrossalltheregionsintheworldwithdetailedcoverageonEuropeAsia-PacicNorthAmericaandLatinAmerica.Inparticularitocuseson11countriesincludingtheUnitedStatesCanadaIndiaChinaJapanAustraliaFranceGermanyBrazilArgentinaandMexico.AccordingtothisreporttheglobalseedmarkethasgrownataCAGRof5.6percentduringtheperiodof2005to2011.Thereporthighlightsthereasonsbehindthegrowthotheglobalseedmarket.Thisgrowthwasprimarilysupplementedbytheremarkablyrisingpopulationandinatingagriculturalcommoditypricesespeciallyduringtheyear2007and2008.Moreoveranincreasingadoptionrateogeneticallymodifedcropsthroughouttheglobehassupplementedthesalesvalueotheseedmarketintherecentpast.Inadditionincreasingproductionobiouelacrossthemajoreconomieswithanobjectivetogenerateanalternativeorthescarcityotraditionaluelhasinclinedthedemandorcornseedsandoilseedsthereportstates.ThereportalsoindicatesthatdemandorcommercialseedswasprimarilygeneratedintheemergingmarketsoLatinAmericasuchasBrazilEasternEuropeancountriesAsiancountriessuchasIndiaChinaKoreaandseveralothersoutheastAsiancountries.Thekeysuccessfactorstillremainsassociatedwiththetechnologicaldevelopmentsandtheinnovationonewandimprovedseedswithspecializedtraitssuchasdroughttolerantseedsthereportstates.WhoOwnsMarketShareAccordingtoISFstatisticstheUnitedStatesstillhasthelargestdomesticseedmarketat12billionollowedcloselybyChinaat9billionFranceat3.6billionBrazilat2.6billionCanadaat2.1billionandIndiaat2billionJapanGermanyArgentinaItalytheNetherlandsRussianFederationSouthAfricaSpainandtheU.K.roundoutthetop15.PurdueUniversitysCenterforFoodandAgriculturalBusinessocusesaconsiderableamountoattentiononglobalbehaviorandeconomicpatternsintheseedindustry.ScottDowneyassociateprofessorintheDepartmentofAgriculturalEconomicsandassociatedirectoroftheCFABsaysincreasingproductionefciencyinAsiamakesthisamarkettokeepoureyeson.InadditionAfricaisseenbymanyasagreatlong-termopportunity.HoweverpoliticalandculturalchallengesonbothTheglobalseedmarkethasgrownataCAGRof5.6percentTheUnitedStatesstillhasthelargestdomesticseedmarketat12billionFollowedcloselybyChinaat9billionandFranceat3.6billion 8SEEDWORLD.COMWHEREONTHEWEBFormoreinformationontheglobalseedindustrysoutlookfor2016visitreportlinker.comp0922993Global-Seed-Industry-Outlook-to-Rapid-Emergence-of-Genetically-Modified-Seeds.html.DomesticSeedMarket2012USDmillionCountryTOTALCountryTOTALUSA12000ChinaTaiwan300China9034Poland280France3600Sweden250Brazil2625Greece240Canada2120Romania220India2000Denmark218Japan1350Belgium185Germany1170Finland160Argentina754Austria150Italy715Switzerland140TheNetherlands590Egypt140RussianFederation500Morocco140SouthAfrica454Bulgaria120Spain450Chile120UK450Nigeria120Turkey400Serbia120Australia400Slovakia110Korea400NewZealand100Mexico350Uruguay96CzechRepublic305Tunisia45Hungary300TOTAL44015othosecontinentsmayrestrictthespeedogrowth.Weatherandpricesavailabilityootherinputsareconstantwrinklesthatcouldaectthislandscapehesays.TheFutureWithoutacrystalballBruinssaysitshardtopredictexactlywhattheglobalmarketwilllooklikeintheuturebutsaysaewthingsarecertain.Thereislikelygoingtobeurtherconsolidationwhichwillbeosetbynewstart-upsandnicheplayershesays.Seeingthattheseedindustryisstillarromtheconsolidationlevelsothepharmaorcropprotectionindustrieswemayseeaurtherincreaseinconsolidationbeoreabalanceisreached.Downeysaysnomatterhowyoulookatittheseedindustrydefnitelyhasgrowthpotentialgoingorward.Thepopulationcontinuestogrowaroundtheworldthereoreooddemandwillbehigherwherepoliticalandeconomicorcesdontrestrictconsumptionhesays.Geneticprogressindroughttoleranceshouldopenlandsonthemarginorincreaseplantdensities.Hopefullythatprogressoffsetschallengeswithwateravailability.DemandpressurespotentiallykeeppriceshigheralthoughmanyThereislikelygoingtobefurtherconsolidationwhichwillbeoffsetbynewstart-upsandnicheplayersAfricaisseenbymanyasagreatlong-termopportunity.ScottDowneysuggestthatsomecorrectionmayoccur.Aslongaspricesarerelativelyhighlandwillbeinproductionandtheseedindustryshouldcontinuetothriveandexpand.DowneysaystheseedindustryintheUnitedStatesisinaverygoodpositiontocapitalizeonutureglobalgrowth.ThereisalotodevelopmentthatgoesonhereocoursewhichmakestheUnitedStatescontinuetoberelevanthesays.Andthevarietyocropswerecapableoproducingmakesitagreatplacetoinnovate.JulieMcNabbSourceInternationalSeedFederation100countries.Thecommercialworldseedmarketisassessedatapproximately47billionfor2012. TypeEUeligibleAvailablefromNEWKentuckyBluegrassesRubixEligibilityinprocessColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comAvailableHarvest2013BlueCoatEligibilityinprocessColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comAvailableHarvest2013DauntlessEligibilityinprocessCheckwithColumbiaRiverSeedforasourcenearyouAvailableHarvest2013KentuckyBluegrassVarietiesYankeeColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comMountainViewSeedswww.mtviewseeds.comRubiconColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comCANUSFeldsaatenFreudenbergerwww.freudenberger.netAllofEuropeArrowheadExclusivelyfromMountainViewSeedswww.mtviewseeds.comBlueSapphireColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comBeijingRytwayEcotechnologyCo.Ltd.www.rytway.com.cnCNAviatorColumbiaSeedswww.columbiaseeds.comCorsairCheckwithColumbiaRiverSeedforasourcenearyouBeijingRytwayEcotechnologyCo.Ltd.www.rytway.com.cnCNMarauderCheckwithColumbiaRiverSeedforasourcenearyouBlackJackEligibilityinprocessCheckwithColumbiaRiverSeedforasourcenearyouBeijingCloverSeedTurfCo.www.bjclover.comCNCadetCheckwithColumbiaRiverSeedforasourcenearyouHardFescueVarietySwordEligibilityinprocessAvailableHarvest2013Forfurtherinformationpleasecontactusat509-783-4052paulcolumbiariverseed.com 10SEEDWORLD.COMWHETHERTHEYRESTILLworkingthesoilwithour-leggedhorsepowerorhaveupgradedtotheour-wheeledvarietyarmersoallkindsandinallcornersotheworldincreasinglyrecognizethevalueinplantinggeneticallyengineeredcrops.FromAmericasCornBelttoIndiascottonieldsandcanolagrownontheCanadianPrairiesmoregenetically-enhancedseedisbeingplantedwiththearrivaloeachgrowingseason.ThatactwasconfrmedearlierthisyearwiththereleaseotheInternationalServicefortheAcquisitionofAgri-BiotechApplicationsannualreportGlobalStatusofCommercializedBiotechGMCrops2012.AuthoredbyISAAAfounderCliveJameswhoisalsochairmanotheorganizationthedocumentalsoreerredtoasBrie44heraldedseveralimportantmilestonesachievedsincebiotechseedcameonthemarketalmosttwodecadesagomostnotablyahundredoldincreaseinhectaresgrownrom1.7millionin1996to170millionin2012.TheDrivingForceWhenitcomestothewhoandwhybehindbiotechacceptanceindustryleadersareunequivocalintheirresponse.Theybelievegrowerswhoveseensigniicantresultsandbeneitsthankstotechnologyhavepushedtheestimated15-billionmarkettowhatitistoday.Sincecommercializationothefrstbiotechcropalmost20yearsagoarmershavedrivenacceptance.UptothispointmostothebiotechtraitshavedirectlybeneftedthearmerwithtraitslikeinsectandherbicideresistancesaysCathleenEnrightexecutivevicepresidentoroodandagricultureattheBiotechnologyIndustryOrganization.AndjustwhoarethesefarmersOfthe17.3millionmenandwomenwhousedtransgenicseedin2012ISAAAestimatesthatcloseto90percentcanbedescribedassmallresource-poorgrowerswhoonlycultivatebetweenone-haltotwohectaresoland.Otenthetechnologythatcomesinabagoseedisthearmersonlyaccessto21stcenturyadvancementsinagriculture.Theyhireminimallaborasmostothehouseholdmembershelpoutinthefeldoperationsromplantingtoharvesting.TheymayMOREFARMERSARETURNINGTOBIOTECHCROPSFORPRODUCTIONANDSUSTAINABILITYBENEFITS.stillbeusinganimalsortillingthesoilorhaverentedarmimplementssaysRhodoraAldemitaaseniorprogramofficerwithISAAAsSoutheastAsiaCenterinthePhilippines.Thistrendwasalsomirroredinthereportsanalysisobiotechusebycountry.Forthefrsttimedevelopingcountriesgrewmoreotheworldsgeneticallyengineeredseedthanindustrialnationsa52to48percentsplit.Twentyothe28countriesplantingbiotechseedin2012areconsidereddeveloping.IbelievetheindustryhasalwaysanticipatedthebeneitsbiotechnologywouldhaveordevelopingcountriesandsmallholderarmerssinceagricultureissuchabigpartotheireconomiesandlivelihoodsrespectivelyEnrightsays.Althoughthegainsaremainlyarmer-centricJeromeKonecsniThisbeanseedisdemonstratingBrazilsimpressivetechnicalcapacitytodevelopdeliveranddeployanewstate-of-the-artbiotechcrop.CliveJames EmpoweringyoutodifferentiateprotthriveGreenLeafGeneticsLLCisproudtoprovidehigh-performingAgrisuretraitsanddiversecornandsoybeangermplasmtotheindependentseedcompanymarket.WithGreenLeafyoullhaveAlargeup-to-dateselectionofplantgeneticsAccesstonewproductsandtechnologyassoonastheyreavailableThelatesttraitsfromSyngentaAdviceandfriendlyservicefromexpertsyoutrustCountonGreenLeafforthenewestthemostadvancedthebestforyourcustomers.800.445.0956www.greenleafgenetics.com2013Syngenta.AgrisureGreenLeafGreenLeafGeneticstheAllianceFramePurposeIcontheGreenLeaflogoandtheSyngentalogoaretrademarksofaSyngentaGroupCompany.MW19GL3008-P1513 12SEEDWORLD.COMchairmanoftheAgriculturalBiotechnologyInternationalConerencesaysproftabilityamongalltheindustryplayerscantbeoverlookedwhenitcomestoadoption.IeveryoneinthevaluechaindoesntmakemoremoneyromdevelopingandgrowingaGMproducttheywillnotbuyorinvestinithesays.Forexamplein1995inCanadathefrstherbicidetolerantcanolaenteredthemarket.Sincethenyieldsandcanolaacreshaveincreaseddramaticallyandinaneorttokeeppacewiththehigheroutputtheprocessingandtransportationindustrieshavealsoseensizeablegrowth.In2011morethanhalothecountryscanolaacresweregrownintheprovinceoSaskatchewanandaccordingtotheSaskatchewanCanolaDevelopmentCommissiontheprovinceishometosevencanolaprocessingplantsincludingthelargestsotseedfacilityinNorthAmerica.Inallwithanational97.5percentadoptionratethetransgeniccropcontributed5.4billiontotheprovinceseconomyin2011.WiththoseimpressiveiguresitmadeagreatdealoinancialsenseKonecsnisaysthattheprovincedeclareditwouldinvest10millioninbiotechresearchatthe2010AgriculturalBiotechnologyInternationalConerence.TheISAAAreportestimatesthatworldwidetransgeniccropshaveincreasedproductionbyabout98billionsince1996.Thentherearetheeconomicbeneftsthatcomeromwhatsbeensaved473millionewerkilogramsopesticidesareductiono23.1billionkilogramsincarbondioxideemissionsandtheconservationo108millionhectaresoland.SouthAmericanSurgeIthereisonecountrythatcanserveastheposterchildorbiotechadoptionitwouldhavetobeBrazil.JamesinBrief44referstotheSouthAmericannationastheengineogrowthglobally.Currentlythecountryconstitutes21percentoallhectaresgrowinggeneticallyengineeredcrops.Brazilreormeditsregulatorypoliciesin2005andby2011itwasoutpacingtheUnitedStatesinapprovalandproductionrates.ThoughBrazilcurrentlyrankssecondinbiotechacreagetheincreaseinacresplantedin201221percentwasgreaterthanThoughBrazilcurrentlyrankssecondinbiotechacreagetheincreaseinacresplantedin201221percentwasgreaterthananyothercountryincludingtheUnitedStates.CathleenEnrightTransgeniccottonisfoundin14ofthe28countrieswherebiotechcropsaregrown. SEPTEMBER201313anyothercountryincludingtheUnitedStatesEnrightadds.Jamesalsogivescredittothecountrysast-trackapprovalsystemorallowingBraziltoseesuchimpressivegains.Thenationispoisedheaddstoseeanevengreatersurgewithahome-grownbiotechbeanseedtheEMBRAPA5.1.ResistanttothebeangoldenmosaicvirusthisseedisthefrstevertransgeniccroptobecreatedinadevelopingcountryentirelybyapublicinstitutiontheEmpresaBrasileiradePesquisaAgropeculariaorBrazilianAgriculturalandLivestockResearchCompany.ThisbeanseedJamessaysisdemonstratingBrazilsimpressivetechnicalcapacitytodevelopdeliveranddeployanewstate-o-the-artbiotechcrop.MaintainingMomentumSowhatcanbedonetoostercontinuedadoptionofgeneticallymodifiedseedThereareseveralpracticalplacestostarttheexpertssay.AddressingshortagesuppliesthroughtheestablishmentoregionalseedproductioncentersandadvocatingorthecreationoreasonableregulatorysystemsarejustaewothefactorsidentiedbytheISAAA.Transgenicecropsincludingcanolahaveincreasedproductionworldwidebyabout98billionsince1996. 14SEEDWORLD.COMFosteringpublic-privatepartnershipsisalsokey.IndustryexpertspointtosuccessulventuressuchastheworkdonewithcanolainCanadathatsawAgricultureandAgri-FoodCanadatheNationalResearchCouncilPlantBiotechnologyInstituteandHoechstteamuptocreatetheirstregisteredherbicidetolerantseed.AttheWheatSummitheldin2012industryrepresentativesclearlystatedtheneedorthepublicandprivatesectorstoworktogether.Forexampletheindustrywouldlikeaccesstopublicsectorgermplasmtodevelopitsownvarieties.Itisalsoimportantorpublicsectorresearcherstoocusonareaswhereitisnoteasyortheprivatesectortogetareturnoninvestmentsuchaspestsanddiseases.ThisresearchcanthenbeusedbyprivatesectorbreedersintheirvarietydevelopmentKonecsnisays.Itsalsoimportantthatcountriesreachouttooneanotherwithassistancewhenpossible.AldemitapointstotheprogressthePhilippineshasrealizedinSoutheastAsia.ThatcountrywasthefrsttoestablisharegulatorysystemoitsownandhassincehelpedothersinItisalsoimportantforpublicsectorresearcherstofocusonareaswhereitisnoteasyfortheprivatesectortogetareturnoninvestmentsuchaspestsanddisease.JeromeKonecsnitheregiondothesame.Examplesolike-mindedcountriesworkingtogethertosolveglobalchallengesaremanyromsecurityandhumanitariantoenvironmentalandeconomicadversities.BiotechnologyisconnectedtosolvingeachEnrightobserves.Stillanysuccessintheresearchlaborwithgovernmentregulatorswontcountormuchunlessthebiotechmessageisspreadaccuratelyandeectively.Konecsnisaystheseedindustrymustconsiderthesocialcontextthattheagriculturesupplychainunctionsin.Consumerreactiontogeneticallyengineeredcropscontinuestobebasedonemotionsratherthanactsandbynaturepublicattentiongravitatestowardemotionally-ladentopicshesays.Oneotheimportantmessagesthatneedstogetoutisthatgeneticallymodiiedtechnologyisonlyonetoolinthebiotechnologytoolkit.TherearemanyotheradvancedtechnologiesthatscientistsproducersandseedcompaniescanandhaveusedthatwillimproveproductivityandproducebetterqualityoodsinamoreenvironmentallysustainablemannerKonecsnisaysmentioningtheuseogenomicsindevelopingplantbreedingmarkersmutagenesisandgeneediting.Aldemitasaysitshardtothinkthatignoranceormisconceptionsaboutgeneticallyengineeredcropsorcesomeotheworldsneediestpopulationstoremaininpoverty.Itistroublingtoknowthattherearestillcountriesandpeoplewhodonotordonotwanttounderstandthescienceobiotechcropsitssaetyandthebeneftsevenitheyareonthebrinkohungerandamine.Eortsmustbedoubledamongthosewhounderstandthetechnologytosharetheknowledgeunderstandingandpracticetotheless-privilegedshesays.ThiscanbestbeaccomplishedbyspreadingthemessagewithonevoiceKonecsnisays.Theentireagriculturecommunityneedstoworktogetherinacollaborativerationalmannerputtingasidepersonalbiasesandagendasiwearegoingtomeetthedemandsoroodinthenext50yearsandimprovethequalityooodweareproducinghesays.MariaBrown GLOBALIZATIONCONTINUEStoRESHAPESEEDSECTORConsolidationiscreatinganincreasingnumberofglobalopportunitiesforbothlargeandsmallcompaniesseedexpertssay.16SEEDWORLD.COM 17ASCHAIRMANANDounderoAgriCapitalarespectedprivateinvestmentbankingfrmspecializinginagri-businessR.B.Halabyknowsathingortwoabouttheseedtrade.Foronehethinksbordersnolongermatter.Hebelievestheseedsectorisbecomingmoreglobalizedeverydayasaresultomarketorcesconvergingtoreshapetheagri-businesslandscapeandenrichtheinternationalowoseedproductsandtechnology.Idontthinktheresasinglesectorinagthatisnotconsolidatingandthereasonorthisistheactthatagri-businessisunorgivingoinefciencysaysHalabyaddingthatcorporateconsolidationwithintheseedsectornotonlycontributestoglobalizationitenableseverylinkintheoodchaintobethatmuchmoreefcient.ThesedayshesaysallothebigplayerslikeMonsantoandSyngentaunctionluidlyacrosscountrylines.YoullgetacompanyinIowaownedbyacompanyinBrazilcompetingagainstacompanyinMexicoownedbyacompanyinFrance.Itstotallyglobalized.ProminentagriculturalanalystRobynneAndersonfounderofEmergingAgInc.agreestherehasbeensignifcantconsolidationamongthebiggestelementsintheseedindustryalthoughtherateoconsolidationvariesbyregion.ForexamplesheexpectsyetmoreconsolidationtooccurwithinAsia.Ithinkthatglobalizationotencreatesopportunitiesorbigcompaniesandorsmallcompanies.AndthatseemscounterintuitiveexceptbigcompaniesobviouslydowellonaglobalscaleandmanysmallcompaniescanthriveinspacesthatareliterallytoosmallorbigcompaniesAndersonsays.Thechallengewillprobablybeorthemid-sizedcompanywhohastobereallywellmanagedtocopewiththepressureoplayingwiththeso-calledbigboysandyethavingenoughcriticalmasstoundtheirinrastructure.PolicyandStructuralReformsIndustryexpertspointtoanumberopolicystructuralreormsthatarecontributingtothetrendtowardglobalizationintheseedsector.TheyincludeEconomicderegulationDomesticmarketreformsTradeliberalizationPrivatizationofstateindustriesImplementationandenforcementofstandardizedintellectualpropertyrightsAsaresultoftheseeconomicandIPreformsHalabybelievesprivateseedcompaniesarenowbetterequippedtomovetechnologyinancialresourcesandinormationacrossinternationalboundariesresultinginincreasedefcienciesinseedresearchproductionanddistribution.Imabigbelieverinreetradeandtradeliberalizationhesays.Ibelieveintearingdownanynon-taribarrierstotrade.GovernmentsshouldensurethesaetyotheoodthatpeopleeatbutIdontthinktheyshouldusethatasawayohinderingglobaltrade.HalabybelievesconsumerpushpullfactorsareinstrumentalinhelpingdriveglobalizationThepushactoristheincreasingauenceanddemandorhigherqualityoodwithindevelopingcountriesandelsewhereintheworldwhilethepullactorisconsumersbecomingincreasingvocalaboutwhattheyexpectintheoodchainwhetheritsoodsaetyortraceabilityororganicorwhathaveyouhesays.InnovationFuelingGlobalizationHalabymaintainstheswiftpaceoftechnologicalinnovationwithintheseedsectorisuelingandbenefitingfromglobalization.Asthemarketoryourproductgetsbiggeryouhavemoreoanopportunitytorecoupyourinvestmentinanewtechnologyhesaysaddingthespreadonewseedtechnologyalsopermitsmorearmerstoproducemorewithlesswhichinturnbeneftsmoreconsumers.Wehavemoreoodatlowerpricesormorepeopletoeat.WehavebetterqualityoodssaeroodsallacrosstheboardplusmostimportantlywereprotectingtheenvironmentbyhavingmoreproductiveagricultureandbyreducingtheuseochemicalsbyusingGMhesays.Theseedindustryshouldbemoreaggressiveintellingpeopleaboutthewondersowhattheydoandthebeneftsoseed.HalabyisconvinceditwillbeprivatenotpublicinterestsleadingtheRDchargeinseedortheoreseeableuture.Inthelongrunithastocomeromtheprivateendnotthepublicendhesays.Andersonaddsthatitisimportanttoconsiderhowwelltechnologicalinnovationsaremanagednotjustwheretheycomerom.Ithinkthattechnologywellmanagedcanprolieraterompublicandprivatesectoractors.Theyusedierentapproachestoachieveitbutbothcandothejobwellonlyitheyhaveverygoodmanagersotheinnovationshesays.AndersonmaintainstheadoptionoftotalqualitymanagementsystemsalongwithsuchTHECHALLENGEWILLPROBABLYBEFORTHEMID-SIZEDCOMPANYWHOHASTOBEREALLYWELLMANAGEDTOCOPEWITHTHEPRESSUREOFPLAYINGWITHTHESO-CALLEDBIGBOYSANDYETHAVINGENOUGHCRITICALMASSTOFUNDTHEIRINFRASTRUCTURE.RobynneAndersonSEPTEMBER2013 18SEEDWORLD.COMwww.biodiagnostics.net715-426-0246507HighlandDriveRiverFallsWI54022WHENYOUNEEDTECHNOLOGYTOWORKSMARTERANDFASTERWithcutting-edgeseedtestingtechnologyliketheDouglasScientifcArrayTapePlatormandtheIlluminaiScanArrayScannerBioDiagnosticshaswhatyouneedtosucceed.Weprovidetheabilitytoanalyzemillionsodatapointsaccuratelyandefciently.Andouraccomplishedseedtechnologistsprovidethecontexttohelpyouunderstandwhattheresultsmeannomatterwhatkindoseedyoutest.Putyourseedtestingconcernstorest.Contactustoday.THERESNEVERASEEDOFDOUBT.factorsasimprovementsinmoderninformationtechnologyandbetterbankingprotocolsaremakingiteasiertooperateintheinternationalarenanowadays.Ithinkitseasierforactorsinanyagsectornowtobeglobalplayer.Theabilitytorecruitstaffandtomanageoperationsinmultiplecountrieshasincreasedexponentiallyshesays.ThatincludesafewofthelargeplayerswhoarealreadyoperatingonamultinationallevelbuttherearemanyplayersworkingtowardshavingalargerregionalpresenceaswellincludinginplaceslikeAfrica.Andersonsaysoneofthebenetsofthistrendisincreasedequitygloballyprovingdevelopingcountrieshavebenefittedfrommuchoftheglobalizationthathasoccurred.Yougetplayerswiththecapacitytomanagewellacrossborderswhoarealsofundamentallygoodmanagerssotheyregreatatsystemstheyregreatathumanresourcestheyregreatatextensionandinformationsharingandverygoodonlogisticsandpackaging.Asaresultyougetbetterseedcompaniesshesays.Globalizationhashelpedmakeiteasierforagcompaniestomanageoperationsinmultiplecountries. Openingmindstoinnovativesolutions.BASFandBeckerUnderwoodsharingacommonvision 20SEEDWORLD.COMPrivateSectorSteppingUpAccordingtoAndersonprivatesectorseedinterestssteppedupwhengovernmentinvestmentbegandecliningmorethan20yearsago.Itwasonlywiththeoodcrisiso2007thatwebegantoseearevitalizationopublicmoneyowingintoagriculturalprogrammingshesays.TheprivatesectorwaslettofllavoidandIthinkatallpointstheseedindustryhasbeenquicktocallorsupportintopublicresearchaswellastheworktheyrealreadydoingintheprivatesector.Andtheycontinuetocallforgoodpublicsectorpartners.GOVERNMENTSSHOULDENSURETHESAFETYOFTHEFOODTHATPEOPLEEATBUTIDONTTHINKTHEYSHOULDUSETHATASAWAYOFHINDERINGGLOBALTRADE.R.B.Halabybemuchbetterdeliveredbygoodprivatesectorchainsthatincludeverystrongagretailsectorsintheirlocalareas.Andersonsayssomeconstraintstoglobalizationremainparticularlyintermsotechnicalbarrierstotradesuchasphytosanitaryruleswhichcontinuetoinhibitthemovementoseedbetweenborders.Thereareverymeaningulchallengestotheseedtradeindustrythatoccureveryday.Whetheritisaphytosanitarybarriertoseeddiseaseorunguswhetheritissomethingthatsappliedarbitrarilytoachieveanon-taritradebarrierorwhetheritisGMapprovaltherearelotsowaysinwhichcountryboundariesstillmattershesays.AtagloballevelthereareeffortstoaddresssomeofthesechallengesAndersonadds.Theseedindustryworksinsomecountriesveryeectivelytotacklephytosanitarybarrierswiththeirmajortradingpartners.IthinktheAmericanSeedTradeAssociationhasreallybeenaleaderinthisarea.AndhavingworkedwiththeCanadianSeedTradeAssociationinthepastwevesuccessullytackledsomeimportantchallengesaroundtechnicalbarrierstotrade.Andersonsaysanotherlimitingfactorintheglobalizationtrendlieswiththenatureoseeditselaproductthatbynecessityneedstobesuitedtolocalgrowingconditions.Thatwillalwaysremainthebiggestchallengeensuringyouhavetherightproductmixtomeetyourarmercustomersneedsshesays.Whileatrulyglobalbarrier-reeseedmarketisnotyetrealityHalabyisofthermbeliefthattheresnostoppingglobalizationwhichheviewsasapositiveorceorchangeintheseedindustry.ImalwayslookingorwardIdontlookback.Youadaptoryoudiehesaysaddingthatcompanieswhichtypicallydowellarethosethatrecognizetrendslikeglobalizationandjumpaheadothecurve.Thelosersaretheinefcientcompaniesthosethatareightingchangeinsteadoanticipatingandwelcomingchangeandseeinghowtheycanbeneftromchangehesays.Therearecompanieswholiveonmemoriesandtherearecompaniesthatliveondreams.Ithinkthecompaniesthatliveondreamsaretheoneswhichwillsurviveanddowell.MarkHalsallAndersonsaystherearesomeareasinvolvingcapacitywheretheprivatesectormayholdanedgeparticularlywithrespecttologisticsandproductdelivery.Theactualactogettingseedintoarmershandsdoesseemtobequitewellservedtraditionallybyprivatesectoractors.Andthatsveryimportantshesays.Asglobalizationcontinuestheextensionservicesaroundinormationtoarmersparticularlyinareasaroundsmallholderswill AGRAspecializesinthecompleteseedplantfacility.WemanufactureequipmenttohelpyouateverystepoftheprocessfromourmaterialhandlingsystemstoourpatentedGEN-ELbucketelevatorstoourhigh-capacityhuskchoppersystemstooursingle-passdouble-passandcombinationseedcorndryers.Everythingwedoistailoredtotakeyouefcientlyfromstarttonishthroughtheentireseedproductionprocess.Fromreceivingtohusk-sortandchoppingtodryingshellingbulkstorageload-outsizingbaggingandwarehousestorageAGRAhasacustom-designedsolutiontomeetyourneeds.DesignEngineeringSteelFabricationMillwrightErectionEquipmentInstallationProjectManagementConstructionManagementProjectAssuranceSolutionsTurnkeyfromtheGroundUpSpecializedinSeedSpecializedindesign-buildseedconditioningplantsgrain-handlingequipmentandbulkstoragefacilities.Committedtomeetingeachofourcustomersspecicneedswiththeultimategoalofensuringqualityandefciency.AGRAistheseedindustrystopchoiceforgeneralcontractors.excellenceinTurnkeyAbility.Reliability.TMAGRAIndustriesAgProcessingandBio-EnergySystemsAGRAIndustries1211WWaterStreetMerrillWI54452800-842-8033www.AgraInd.comAGRAIndustries 22SEEDWORLD.COMTHETREATEDSEEDmarkethasbeenred-hotinrecentyearswithinnovationsintreatmenttypesactiveingredientsandnewapplicationtechnologiesleadingtoincreasedadoptionbymorearmersandoragrowingarrayocrops.ButastheuseotreatedseedhasgrowninNorthAmericaEuropeandaroundtheworldsohasspeculationaboutthepossibleimpactodustrominsecticide-treatedseedontheenvironmentparticularlybeesandotherpollinators.Aseriesofscienticstudiesoverthepastfewyearshaveincreasinglylinkedneonicotinoidsthechemicalgrouposystemicinsecticidesthatincludesclothianidinimidaclopridandthiamethoxamoundinsomeseedtreatmentproductstonegativeeectsonbeehealth.Thishasincreasedpressureongovernmentregulatorstostepinandimposenewrulesonseedtreatmenthandlingandusageorinsomeinstancesorbidtheuseoneonicotinoidpesticidesaltogether.InlateApriltheEuropeanCommissiondecidedtopressaheadwithabanontheuseoneonicotinoid-containingproductsormostcropsdespitetheEuropeanUnions27memberstatesailingtoreachanagreementonthematter.Thetwo-yearbanwhichgoesintoeectDec.1hasbeencriticizedbyGermany-basedBayerCropScienceandotherneonicotinoidmanuacturers.AnAprilpressreleasefromBayerCropSciencedescribesthebanasaset-backortechnologyinnovationandsustainability.TherestrictionotheseneonicotinoidswillresultincropyieldlossesreducedoodqualityandlossocompetitivenessorEuropeanagriculture.ThiswillhaveanegativeimpactonfarmersRD-drivenagcompaniestheseedindustryandtheoodvaluechain.Thecompanysaysitremainsconvincedthatneonicotinoidsaresaeorbeeswhenusedresponsiblyandproperlyaccordingtolabelinstructionsaddingthatclearscientifcevidencehastakenaback-seatinthedecision-makingprocess.ThisdisproportionateTreatedSeedStewardshipATaleofTwoContinentsInthefaceofincreasingscrutinyovertherelationshipbetweenneonicotinoidsandbeehealthseedassociationsandotherindustrystakeholdersinNorthAmericaandEuropearetakingactiontoenhancestewardshipstandardsfortreatedseedandtofurtherreduceenvironmentalrisksespeciallytobeesandotherpollinators.decisionisamissedopportunitytoreachasolutionthattakesintoconsiderationallotheexistingproductstewardshipmeasuresandbroadstakeholderconcerns.ThesameclassoneonicotinoidsbannedinEuropearealsounderreviewinCanada.ThePestManagementReviewAgencyannouncedinJune2012itwasorderingare-evaluationoclothianidinimidaclopridandthiamethoxaminsecticidesorpotentialeectsonpollinators.There-evaluationwillbeconductedincooperationwiththeUnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyaspartotheworkbeingdonewithinternationalpartnerstobetterunderstandandmanagepotentialriskstopollinatorssaysSaraLauermediarelationsofcerforHealthCanada.Thisisacomplexre-evaluationthatrequiresthedevelopmentonewstudieswithbeesandmaytakeseveralyearstocomplete.WiththebaninEuropeneonicotinoidsunderincreasingscrutinyinCanadaandacoalitionobeekeepersandProminentseedorganizationshavebeenworkinghardtodebunkmisconceptionsabouttreatedseeds.PhotocourtesyofBayerCropScience. SEPTEMBER201323PhotocourtesyofBayerCropScience.CustomertrainingatBayerCropSciencesSeedGrowthCenter.environmentalandconsumergroupssuingtheU.S.EPAoveritshandlingoclothianidinandthiamethoxamitisunderstandableisomeintheinsecticide-treatedseedsectoreelbesieged.Butormanyothersthissegmentotheindustryisbynomeansalostcausefarfromit.ProminentseedorganizationssuchastheEuropeanSeedAssociationandtheAmericanSeedTradeAssociationaswellasassociationsforthecropprotectionindustryinCanadaandtheUnitedStatesCropLifeCanadaandCropLifeAmericahavebeenworkinghardtodebunkmisconceptionsandeducatethepublicandgovernmentregulatorsabouttheagronomiceconomicandenvironmentalbeneftsotreatedseedaswellasinstitutemeasuresaimedsquarelyatminimizingandmanagingriskstobeehealth.GuidetoSeedTreatmentStewardshipInMarchtheAmericanSeedTradeAssociationandCropLifeAmericaunveiledtheGuidetoSeedTreatmentStewardshiptheresultoayear-longinitiativeaimedatpromotingthesaehandlingandmanagementotreatedseed.DrawingondatacollectedworldwideandendorsedbytheNationalCornGrowersAssociationtheAmericanFarmBureauFederationandtheAmericanSoybeanAssociationtheguideistheproductofanindustry-widecollaborationbetweenseedcompaniesseedtreatmentprovidersanduniversities.Itprovidesarmersandseedcompanieswithcriticalinormationandup-to-dateguidelinesormanagingtreatedseedeectivelytourtherminimizetheriskoexposuretobeesandothernon-targetorganisms.Theguideservesasanall-in-oneresourcethataddresseseverystageoaseedsjourneyromtreatmenttoplantingsaysAndrewLaVigneASTApresidentandCEO.Itsdesignedtobeconvenienteasytounderstandanduseultotheentireseedandcropproductionvaluechain.ASTAandCLAbeganaggregatingseedtreatmentresearchandsaetyinormationromuniversitiesseedcompaniesinternationalseedassociationsandothersinearly2012inresponsetothegrowingconcernsabouttheeectsoseedtreatmentdustonpollinators.ThehealthopollinatorsespeciallyhoneybeesiscrucialtoagriculturalproductionintheU.S.andworldwidesaysJayVroomCLApresidentandCEO.Thecropprotectionindustryseedgrowersandbreedersseedtreatmentcompaniesequipmentmanuacturersandarmersallplayaroleinsupportingthrivingbeepopulationsthroughstewardshipandsoundscience.BayerCropSciencealsohelpedwiththedevelopmentothegoodstewardshippracticesguide.AspartofASTAandCropLifewehavecontributedtothisexcellentdocumentsaysMartinGrussglobalheadoSeedGrowthproductsorBayerCropScience.Ithinkitisanotherexampleothejointresponsibilityotheseedcompaniesandthetreatmentindustrytoassurehigh-qualitytreatedseedandcontributetothesaehandlinganduseothatseedbygivingguidanceandcheckpointstoconsiderinthewholeprocess.Essentiallytouchingonallaspectsoseedappliedtechnologytheguideisintendedtoserveasaresourceorcommunicatingbestpracticesacrosscropsandtreatmentsegments.ItincludesguidanceandinormationresourcesorsuchprocessesasPlantingoftreatedseedSafeuseofseedtreatmentproductSafehandlingandtransportofseedSelectionoftreatmentproductTreatedseedlabelingStorageoftreatedseedTheguidealsoincludesaseedtreatmentglossaryandanextensivelistoresources.Itwillbeupdatedregularlytokeepupwithadvancesinseedtreatmenttechnologiesandensureseedcompaniesandgrowershavethelatestinormation.Theindustry-ledinitiativeisalsointendedtoidentiyandexplainbestseedtreatmentmanagementpracticestogovernmentregulatoryagenciestoensurethatunnecessaryregulationsarenotputinplace.AccordingtoASTAandCLAtheresponsefromtheEPAandtheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturehasbeenpositive.TheEPAsquitepleasedasaregulatorofriskassociatedwithpesticideproductssaysVroom.Theirpreferenceisalwaystoencourageactivitiesbyindustrysegmentsthathelpavoidregulationbecausewealreadyhavequiteaconsiderablebodyoregulatoryrequirements.TheyhaveenoughtodoasitisandwouldpreertoencourageindustriesworkingwitharmerstoTheASTAguideisavailableonlineandinPDFformatatseed-treatment-guide.com. 24SEEDWORLD.COMForacatalogcall303.431.7333salesapplewoodseed.comapplewoodseed.comSeedsofWildflowersGardenFlowersSince1965RegionalSpecialUseCustomMixturesHundredsofSpeciesinStockThereisagrowingcommitmentfromtheindustrytosupplyhigh-qualitytreatedseed.PhotocourtesyofBayerCropScience.fndwaystoreduceandeliminateriskthatdontinvolvedirectgovernmentregulatoryactivity.LisaNicholsASTAsdirectorofscienceandinternationalaairsandoneotheprimaryarchitectsotheguidesaysAccordingtoourconversationswiththeEPAtheimmediatenextsteportheindustryisnottoimposenewregulationsbasedonseedtreatments.NicholsaddsthatintheU.S.weoperateataveryhighlevelostewardshipalready.WewereverytransparentwiththeEPAthroughouttheprocessofdevelopingtheguideandtheyvebeenextremelysupportiveespeciallyinthelaststageswhichhasbeentheeducationandoutreachpiece.Theyveputalotoemphasisonthatasbeingimportantortheindustryanditsstakeholders.BMPsforPlantingTreatedSeedTothenorthHealthCanadahasbeenworkingcloselywithgrowersbeekeepersseedtreatmentacilitiesandseedingequipmentmanuacturersinCanadatodevelopbothshort-andlong-termstrategiesorprotectingpollinatorsincludinghoneybees.AccordingtoLauerthestrategiesincludeaguidetitledPollinatorProtectionandResponsibleUseofTreatedSeedBestManagementPracticesreleasedinFebruaryoutliningBMPsforplantingneonicotinoid-treatedseedwhichwasdevelopedinconsultationwithawidevarietyostakeholderstoensurethattherecommendedpracticeswereaspracticalandeectiveaspossibleandwouldbewellreceived.HealthCanadaiscloselymonitoringtheeffectivenessoftheBMPsduringthisplantingseasonLauersaysaddingthatifnecessarythepracticeswillberevisedbasedongrowereedbackontheirpracticalityandeectiveness.Laueralsopointstoagrowingnumberofindustry-ledinitiativesinCanadaaimedatprotectingpollinators.Longer-termstrategiessuchasimprovedseedcoatingslubricantsandseedingequipmentcontinuetobedevelopedbystakeholdersshesays.OneofthosestakeholdersisCropLifeCanadawhichincooperationwithgrowersbeekeepersandprovincialgovernmentagriculturalagencieshasalsodevelopedasetobest 26SEEDWORLD.COMmanagementpracticesortheuseoseed-appliedinsecticidespostedontheCropLifeCanadawebsiteinJanuaryincludingavideoonthetopic.PierrePetellevicepresidentofchemistrywithCropLifeCanadasaysanotherprojectisunderwaytodevelopsaehandlingprotocolsandrecommendationsorcommercialseedtreatmentacilities.Thosewillbefnalizedoverthenextyearandbroughtintoorcein2015hesays.Petellebelievesthesetypesofindustry-ledstewardshipinitiativesmakeaneonicotinoidbanlikethatjustimposedinEuropeunlikelytohappeninCanadaanytimesoon.Wethinkthatindustrytakinginitiativeanddemonstratingthatitcanregulateintheseareasonitsowncertainlydoesavoidsomeotheinterventionsromgovernmentshesays.InouropiniontheEuropeandecisionwasntgroundedinscienceitwasapoliticaloutcome.SowehaveullconfdencethatthescienticreviewbeingconductedbyPMRAandEPAwillyieldadierentresult.Weareullyconfdentthattheywillcontinuetosupportascience-basedapproachandthesciencedoessupportthesaetyotheseproducts.EuropeanSeedTreatmentAssuranceSchemeOntheothersideofthepondtheESAalsorecognizesthatensuringthehighestqualityseedtreatmentisimportanttoprotectingtheenvironmentandreducingriskstopollinators.ForthisreasonithasspentthepasttwoyearsdevelopingtheEuropeanSeedTreatmentAssuranceschemeaimedatensuringallpartsintheseedtreatmentchainassumetheirrespectiveresponsibilitiesandputinplacespeciicqualityassurancemeasures.WewanttoestablishgoodseedtreatmentpracticesthroughouttheindustryinEuropethatsrelevanttoalltreatmentsnotonlyorinsecticidesbutalsoorungicidesandforallcropssaysGarlichvonEssenESAssecretarygeneral.ThemainfeaturesoftheESTAschemeareIndependentcerticationofseedtreatmentsitesbyaccreditedauditorsDefinedqualityreferencevalueswithauniformtestingprotocolSafeusehandlingandcareinformationandproductlabelingorusersUnderthisinitiativeonlycertifedseedtreatmentacilitiescanusetheESTAlogoontheirproductstodocumentcomplianceandacilitatethereemovementotreatedseedthroughouttheEuropeanUnion.SGSGermanyrecentlybecamethefrstcompanyaccreditedbytheESAtocarryoutseedtreatmentauditsorthecertifcationoseedtreatmentplants.TheaccreditationofSGSasthefirstESTAcertifyingbodymarksanotherimportantstepintheimplementationothescheme.ItshowsthattheconceptisworkableandthatitisnowbeingtakenupinpracticebytheseedcompaniessaysvonEssen.WerefullysupportingtheESTAschemefromESAandhavebeeninvolvedromthebeginningsaysGruss.ItisagoodexampleothegrowingcommitmentotheseedtreatmentindustryinEuropetothehighqualityotreatedseed.ThebanonneonicotinoidapplicationsincludingseedtreatmentormanycropswillbeinplaceacrossEuropeinDecember.ESABayerCropScienceandotherplayersinthetreatedseedindustryhavecriticizedtheEuropeanCommissionobeingtooreliantontheprecautionaryprinciplewithouttakingtheprincipleoproportionalityintoaccount.Theymaintainthatthereisalonghistoryothesaeuseoneonicotinoid-basedproductsandthatwhenusedresponsiblyandproperlyanyimpactonbeesisnegligible.FormoreinformationontheESTAvisiteuroseeds.orgesta.WEAREGENUINELYCONCERNEDABOUTTHEHEALTHOFHONEYBEES.MartinGrussWearegenuinelyconcernedaboutthehealthohoneybees.AsanagriculturalcompanyweareasmuchdependentonbeesasourcustomersthegrowerssaysGruss.CurrentscientifcevidencehasoverwhelminglyconcludedthattheincreasedmortalityobeesasitsbeenobservedinsomepartsotheworldislargelyduetoacomplexsetoactorsincludingdiseasesandparasitesparticularlytheVarroamite.VonEssensaystheESTAschemehasbeenmetwithscepticismromsomequartersprimarilythosewhowouldliketohaveaverydetailedveryrigidandverycontrolledintensiveregulatorysysteminplacewhichwethinkisverylikelygoingtobeverydifculttopoliceandverycost-intensivenotonlyorusbutintheendorarmers.WethinkitmuchbetteriwestartwithavoluntarysystemwhichisdeactoimplementedbythewholeindustryandwhereyouhavecontinualimprovementothestandardsbyadaptingthesestandardseveryyearexplainsvonEssenaddingthatsuchexibilityisnexttoimpossiblewithinthecomplexconfnesoEuropeandecision-making.Wethinkoursystemdoesthetrickbutisalotleanerandasterthananythingthatthegovernmentscouldcomeupwith.VonEssenbelievesasimilarapproachmightworkwellinotherplaceslikeSouthAfricaandSouthAmericasincetheESTAschemeisnotfocusedonaregulatoryenvironmentwithinaspecifccountry.Wehavetriedtokeepitasgenericaspossiblehesays.ThereisnothinginourguidethatisspecifctoEurope.MarkHalsallBMPsforseed-appliedinsecticidescanbefoundatcroplife.caissuespollinators. SEPTEMBER201327GrowingyourtrustEuralisSemencesoersseedsfromthebestFrenchgenetics.ThankstopowerfulresearchprogramsthevarietiesofEuralisSemencesallowfarmerstoincreasetheprotabilityoftheirfarms.Everyyearmorethan350.000farmersinEuropechoosetosowEuralisSemencesseeds.CornSunowerOilseedrapeSorghumSoybeanwww.euralis-semences.com 28SEEDWORLD.COMALTHOUGHTHEFOUNDATIONoEuropesseedmarketingrulesremainssolidthetimehascometomodernizethelegislationasameanstostreamlinepolicyandosterinnovationamongthecontinentsplantbreedersandgrowers.MorethaniveyearsagotheEuropeanCommissionlaunchedareviewothe12basicactsordirectivesthatcurrentlygovernthewayseedandplantpropagatingmaterialsareproducedandmovedwithintheEuropeanUnion.Inthefallof2012theDirectorateGeneralforHealthandConsumersdratedaproposalorrevisionstotheEUlegislationonthemarketingoseedandpropagatingmaterial.TheproposalwasadoptedlastMayandanofcialproposalhasbeenorwardedtotheEuropeanCouncilandParliamentforconsideration.TimetoRenovateNotRevolutionizeSomeothetenantsothecurrentlegislationdatebacktothe1960sbutaccordingtoGarlichvonEssensecretarygeneraloftheEuropeanSeedAssociationagewasnttheonlyreasonareviewwasinorder.ForexampletheEuropeanCommissionregularlyevaluatespolicyapplicabletoindividualsectorswiththeintentosimpliyinglanguageorthebeneftoeconomicgrowth.Duringthereviewprocessitbecameapparentthattheseedandarmingsectorswantedsomechangeitwasequallyclearhowevertheywerentlookingorarevolution.IntheareaoplantreproductivematerialandplanthealththeevaluationoundthemainpillarsothelegalrameworkstillvalidandmuchappreciatedbyallstakeholdersvonEssensays.Thosepillarsincluderegistrationrequirementsbasedonaplantsdistinctnessuniormityandstabilityandvalueorcultivationanduse.Thesecriteriaareusedorvarietylistingcompulsoryseedcertiicationoragriculturalcropsandtodeterminespecifcexemptionsorclearlydefnedmarketsoruses.NigelMoorebusinessadministrationdirectoroKWSUKLtd.andESAsvicepresidentsaysEuropeanfoodsecuritywasamajorconsiderationwhenthecurrentstandardsespeciallythevalueorcultivationandusewereenactedaspartotheoriginallegislation.Todaytherequirementsorcontinualgeneticgainromnewvarietiescontinuetobeimportantduetotheregionsocusonsustainability.ItisessentialtoEuropeanprivatesectorplantbreedinginvestmenttohavethisregulatoryrameworkprovidingabasisorplantvarietydevelopment.ItsretentioninthenewMODERNIZINGTHEMOVEMENTOFSEEDINEUROPENewmarketingregulationsshouldallowforstrongerprivatesectorinvolvementsayadvocates.MorethanfveyearsagotheEuropeanCommissionlaunchedareviewothe12basicactsordirectivesthatcurrentlygovernthewayseedandplantpropagatingmaterialsareproducedandmovedwithintheEuropeanUnion.legislativeproposalisverymuchwelcomedbytheseedindustryandprovidesacontinueddrivertoraiseproductivityperarmedhectareanddeliveronpublicpolicyonsustainableagriculturesaysMoore.Clarifcationoimportanttermsshouldtheyberealizedinthenewlawwouldhaveanimmediateimpactoninternationaltrade.Forexampleproblemswithdirectimportsandmisleadingdeclarationshavearisenduetothevaguewayinwhichthetermimportsiscurrentlydefned.WehopethenewlegislationwillbeclearthatallseedplacedintheEUmarketmustalsoulflltheEUrulesnormsandstandardsstartingwithbelongingtoacorrectlyregisteredvarietyvonEssensays.Althoughsimplicationisonegoalindustryleaderssayuturelegislationmustcontinuetorespectthedierencesbetweenspeciesandmarketsorexampleestablishingidenticalrulesorvegetablesandagriculturalcropswouldbeproblematic.Weclearlywanttomaintainexibilityanddierentiation SEPTEMBER201329wherethisisbenefcialorarmersandgrowersbreedersandocoursepublicorofcialbodiessaysvonEssen.Oneproposedchangetothecurrentlegislationbeingwelcomedbytheindustryisanewormat.Theoldlawisbasedondirectiveswhichrequireimplementingactsbymemberstates.Overtheyearsmanydierencesointerpretationandpracticeshaveemerged.Withthenewlawbasedonaregulationandthusdirectlyapplicableinall27memberstatesmoreharmonizationandwiththatanevenstrongercommonmarketorseedshouldbeachievedhenotes.IndustryRequiresEfciencyTheEuropeanSeedAssociationadvocatesthatthenewpolicyintheinterestomodernitymustalloworamoreefcientandlesscostlysystemorvarietytestingandseedcertifcation.Thenatureotheindustryhasevolvedgreatlysincethefrstseedactsweredrated40yearsago.Weworkinadierentmuchmoreinternationalbusinessenvironmentinmoreopenmarketswherecompetitionisfercerthanever.Highqualityandhighspeedaredemandedbyfarmersandgrowersandmustbeassuredbybreedersandseedproducers.OnlycompaniesthatconsistentlyproduceandassurebothhaveachancetocontinuetogrowvonEssensays.ReorganizationamonggovernmentagenciesandstrongerinvolvementbytheprivatesectoraremeansbywhichefcienciescanbeachievedsaysvonEssen.TheESAisalsocallingfortheCommunityPlantVarietyOfcetoplayabiggerroleinseveralareas.TheagencyhasdemonstrateditsabilitytoworkefcientlyonvarietyprotectionandtheESAwouldliketoseeitadministeradditionaltaskssuchasthecommoncatalogueovarietiescurrentlymanagedbytheEuropeanCommission.WeseeanumberoactivitieswherevarietyprotectionandvarietyregistrationaresomehowlinkedorrestonthesamepillarsuchastheDUSrequirementsvonEssensays.ItsalsologicalthattheEuropeanUnionadoptamorecooperativeormogovernancewhereintheindustryisviewedasapartnerratherthanjustabodysubjecttodecision-makingtheexpertiseoproessionalswithinthesectorbenefttingromthequalityandspeedoplanthealthcontrolsandcertifcationvonEssensays.Todaysseedsectorismuchmoreproessionalthan40oreven50yearsagoandsoarearmersandgrowers.Wecantakeovermanytasksthatinthepasthadtobecarriedoutbyofcials.Butitisdecisivethatthesystemcontinuestodeliverthenecessarytrustoallparties.ThatiswhyweadvocateapartnershipwherequalifedandaccreditedprivateoperatorscarryoutdefnedtasksunderofcialsupervisionvonEssensays.GerardMeijerinkSyngentasseniorgovernmentrelationsadvocatesayshewouldwelcomemoredelegationunderofcialsupervisiontoprivateoperatorswhilerespectingstringentstandards.Inordertoassurethequalityothesedelegatedcontrolsthequalitysystemrequirementstobemetbyoperatorshavetobeclearlydefnedandverifed.Competentauthoritiesneedtoauditandperormpost-controlsonarepresentativenumberoseedlots.ThisshouldassurethatonlyoperatorswiththerightexpertiseacilitiesprocessesandinternalcontrolswillbeeligibleorthisdelegationMeijerinksays.MariaBrownWehopethenewlegislationwillbeclearthatallseedplacedintheEUmarketmustalsoulflltheEUrulesnormsandstandardsstartingwithbelongingtoacorrectlyregisteredvariety.GarlichvonEssenItisessentialtoEuropeanprivatesectorplantbreedinginvestmenttohavethisregulatoryrameworkprovidingabasisorplantvarietydevelopment.NigelMooreInordertoassurethequalityothesedelegatedcontrolsthequalitysystemrequirementstobemetbyoperatorshavetobeclearlydefnedandverifed.GerardMeijerink 30SEEDWORLD.COMWITH1583PARTICIPANTSthe2013ISFWorldSeedCongressinAthensGreececelebratedanewrecordorattendance.MembersotheseedindustryfromacrosstheglobecametogethertomeetinsunnyAthens.Thecongressprovidedanexcellentvenueorseedexpertstoconverselearnnetworkanddodeals.ISFpresidentTimJohnsonsaidduringtheopeningceremonythattheederationisastrongbelieverinthebeneftsotheglobalmovementoseedstoimprovegrowersuccessaroundtheworld.MarcelBruinssecretary-generaloISFhighlightedthatinrecentyearsservicestoISFmembershavegoneupwhilethecongressregistrationeehasgonedown.Thetechnicalmeetingsduringthecongresswereanopportunityorindustrymemberstopromoteandsharebestpractices.Theyalsoservedasaorumordebateandanopportunitytoreceivethelatestupdates.ISFsmaingoalistoacilitatetheinternationalseedtradeandromthatviewpointdelegatessawadistinguishedlineupospeakersromtheinternationalarenaonrecentdevelopmentstheCommissiononPhytosanitaryMeasurestheNagoyaProtocoltheOECDtheInternationalTreatyonPlantGeneticResourcesforFoodandAgriculturetheInternationalSeedTestingAssociationtheGlobalCropDiversityTrustandtheInternationalPlantProtectionConvention.TheseorganizationshaveapotentialimpactontheseedindustryandISFhascontributedtoshapingthem.Intellectualpropertyanditsenorcementwerecenterstageduringtheforageandturfsectionmeeting.ParticipantsreceivedinterestingupdatesfromUPOVandBreedersTrust.Apaneldiscussionledtoanimateddialogueduringthemeetingothefeldcropssection.ThepanelistsdiscussedtheoutcomeotheISFpublicationCollectionSystemsforRoyaltiesinWheatAnInternationalStudy.TheimportanceotheIncotermswasunderlinedinthemeetingothetradeandarbitrationrulescommitteeandtheseedappliedtechnologiescommitteededicatedampletimeorapresentationontheCompassReportoutliningthesocio-economicvalueoneonicotinoidsseedtreatment.Thevegetableandornamentalsectionsawachangingotheguardfromlong-standingchairmanAntonvanDoornmalenWorldCongressShowsSeedIndustryVibrantasEverTherewasnoshortageofopportunitiestolearnnetworkandtradeforattendeesofISFs2013WorldSeedCongressinAthensGreece.ISFpresidentTimJohnsonofferedhisopeningremarksatthe2013ISFWorldSeedCongressinGreece.AthensofferedapicturesquebackdropforISFdelegatesatthisyearscongress.PhotoscourtesyoftheInternationalSeedFederation. believesinteamworkandopencommunication.AntonioGarciaMolinagrowerscooperativeAcrenaElEjidoSpainSeeourvisionandthecompletestoriesofAntonioAbelandShawnonrijkzwaan.com.AbelKuleyProductDevelopmentManageratRijkZwaanAfrisemTanzaniadreamsoffulfillingAfricaspotentialforvegetableproduction.ShawnGengchefattheInterContinentalHotelinQingdaoChinahastheambitiontopromotehealthyeating. 32SEEDWORLD.COMtoVicenteNavarroandheardinterestingpresentationsonhowtodobusinessinChinaandtheSolCAPproject.TheDutchambassadortoGreecehonoredthemeetingwithhisparticipation.ISFsworkonaninternationalstandardorphytosanitarymeasuresspecifcallyorseedswasanimportanttopicduringthemeetingothephytosanitarycommittee.DuringthecongressISFadoptedtwopositionpapersISFViewonLowLevelPresenceinSeedandISFViewpointonIndirectSeedHealthTests.Jean-ChristopheGouacheofLimagrainFrancewaselectedasthenewsecondvicepresidentoISF.AsistraditionthetradingoorwasbuzzingwithactivityunderliningtheimportanceotheISFWorldSeedCongressorinternationaltrade.Thebeautiulvenuesothewelcomepartyandgaladinnergaveeveryonetheopportunitytohaveunwithriendsandcolleagues.DuringtheclosingdinnertheGreekAgricultureMinisterAthanasiosTsaftarisaddressedtheaudienceontheimportanceohigh-qualityseedandinvestmentpossibilitiesinGreece.ThecongressshowedthattheGreekseedindustryandarmershaveexperienceinthemultiplicationoseedandcansecurehigh-qualityproductioncombinedwithahighyield.GreeceduetoitsplacementonthemapprovidesanexcellenthubormanagingbusinessinsouthernEurope.ThenextISFWorldSeedCongresswilltakeplaceinMayinBeijingChina.MarcelBruinsThisyearsISFWorldSeedCongresswasabuzzwithactivity.INTELLECTUALPROPERTYANDITSENFORCEMENTTOOKCENTERSTAGEDURINGTHEFORAGEANDTURFSECTIONOFTHECONFERENCE. GetmoreseedindustrynewswiththisgreatofferGetmoreandmoreoftenbycombiningSeedWorldMagazinewithSeedWeekweeklydigitalnewsandSeedSellerTrainingJournalallatgreatsavingsPlatinumPackagefor129.95peryearCmbiSeedWorldMagazineSeedWeekDigitaldSeedSellerTrainingJournalfrcmpifrmipck.Idurywdrdbuidvpmiddfrciicfrrpric.Subscribenowfor129.95peryearRivu305pryrSave175.05peryearInteRnatIonalPRIntRatesaRehIgheRtmzifrU.s.didurytypubiciddicdid.Brkiwamricdirididury.PRIntDIgItalPRIntanDDIgItalVisitseedworld.comsubscribe2013totakeadvantageofthesegreatoffers. 34SEEDWORLD.COMATHENSGREECEhometotheAcropolisbirthplaceofthemarathonandourhostorthe2013InternationalSeedFederationCongress.AndwhatafantastichostAthenswas.The2013ISFCongressinMaybrokerecordsorattendanceandcontinuedtopushorwardaglobalinitiativeortheseedindustry.Thisannualeventhadallenothetravellistsomanyindustryproessionalsinpastyearsasthecontenthadbecomesomewhatcontrivedandlessinuentialthanpeoplewanted.HoweverwithsomegreatleadershipromtheISFssecretarygeneralMarcelBruinsthecongresshasrecapturedthemindsoimportantseedsmenandseedswomenromaroundtheglobe.TheopportunitytocometogetherinthiseasilyaccessibleEuropeanlocationtomeetandlearnromoneanotherandbuildbusinesstogetherisasignifcantdrawingcardandtheISFteamdeserveshugekudosormakingthishappen.AhugeeventlikethistakesvisionfromthefederationandcommitmentromthelocalorganizingcommitteewhichwesawinspadeswhileinAthens.Thetradingoorwasaconstanturryoactivitywithacombinationonewgroupscomingtogetheraswellaspeopleremakingyearlyconnectionswhichinmanyinstanceshavebeengoingonordecades.Inactoneexecutivetoldmethathehashadthesamemeetingwiththesamepersononthesameseconddayotheannualcongressor52years.Thatishardtoimaginebutisatestamenttothelongevityandimportanceothisevent.The2013ISFCongresscreatedaperectplatormtolaunchnewglobalinitiativesaswell.BayerCropSciencetooktheopportunitytopresentitsnewSeedGrowthplatormandIwasabletositdownwithanumberoitsteammemberstobetterunderstandthecomponentsothisinitiative.IalsohadachancetochatwithanumberoascinatingindividualstolearnwhatisnewwiththeirorganizationsinourGiantViewsoftheIndustryinterviews.Reviewsfrompastcongresseshaveobviouslyfoundtheirwaybacktomanyboardroomsaroundtheworldasthenumberocountriesrepresentedaswellasthetotalnumberoattendeescontinuestogrow.IyoudobusinessintheglobalseedindustrythisreallyhasbecomeaDONOTMISSopportunitytoconnectwiththisaudienceandcontinuetoextendyourreachandknowledgeaswellasdrivedeeperandstrongerrelationshipswithexistingclients.Ianyonecantellmethatthehugevolumeoseedthatistradedatthiseventisnotinlargepartdonebasedontheall-importantace-to-acerelationshipIbegtodier.InthisdayandageorapidtechnologicalinnovationitisanexcellentremindertomethatwhiletechnologycanhelpusbemoreproductivewecannotandwillnotlosesightotheimportancetoshakehandscommunicateinawaythatallowsourtrueintentionsandsentimentstocomeacrossandperhapsevenpartakeoashototheGreeksworld-amousouzotosealthedeal.Ilookorwardtoseeingmanyoyouatthe2014ISFCongressinBeijingChinanextyear.IanyoyouarehemmingandhawingaboutattendingpleasedonthesitatetogivemeashoutasIwouldlovetohelpmakeitarealityoryouanddiscusswhyitcouldhelpmakeyour2014evenbetterthanyouareplanning.Overandout.ShawnBrookISFSGREEKTRIUMPHTheISFWorldSeedCongressinGreecewasarousingsuccess.SeedWorldpublisherShawnBrooktellsyouwhy.Withrecord-breakingattendancethecongressinMaypushedforwardaglobalinitiativefortheseedindustry.PhotocourtesyofMarcelBruins. Novozymesistheworldleaderinbioinnovation.Togetherwithcustomersacrossabroadarrayofindustrieswecreatetomorrowsindustrialbiosolutionsimprovingourcustomersbusinessandtheuseofourplanetsresources.LCOPromoterTechnologyisaregisteredtrademarkofNovozymesAS.2013Novozymes.Allrightsreserved.19816-22012-20905-01SWSuccessrootedinscienceToocoldtoowettoodry.Seasonafterseasonyourcustomersfaceachallengingpathtoasuccessfulharvest.ButseasonafterseasonNovozymesBioAgtechnologieslikeLCOPromoterTechnologyandPenicilliumbilaiihelpmanagethosechallenges.AstheworldleaderinbioinnovationNovozymesfocusesonsolutionsthatimproveplanthealthandperformance.Becausewhatsgoodforyourcustomerscornandlegumecropsisalsogoodforyourbottomline.Learnmoreatbioag.novozymes.com.Workwithusandseehowyoursuccessisrootedinourscience. 36SEEDWORLD.COMmultipleseedseparatorhttpen.woksm.comEmaillzokwoksm.comTel869318235779Fax869318235907ChinaJiuquanOkSeedMachineryCo.LtdANEWTOOLisavailabletobreedersaroundtheworldinsearchopatentdetailsrelatedtoplantvarietiescommerciallyavailableintheEuropeanUnionandEuropeanFreeTradeAgreementcountries.PINTOwhichtakesitsnamefrompatentinformationandtransparencyonlineisnowlive.ThenewdatabasecreatedandimplementedbytheEuropeanSeedAssociationwasrolledoutinJulytopromotetransparencyandinnovationintheseedsector.ThePINTOdatabaseisanimportantelementintheoverallimplementationofESAspolicyandpositiononintellectualpropertyrightsorplantsandseedsaysGarlichvonEssensecretarygeneralofESA.Webelieveitiscrucialthatuncertaintyorlackotransparencydonotdiscouragetheuseofmaterialandpotentiallyreduceinnovation.PINTOisanadditionaltooltohelpbreedersmaketheirchoiceswhenselectingmaterialorbreedingprogramstobringevernewandbettervarietiestothemarketandconsumers.UnderEuropeanpatentlawplantvarietiesassuchareexcludedfrompatentability.Howeverinpracticeduetothespecifcnatureoplant-relatedpatentsplantvarietiesotenallunderthescopeocertainpatentsandtheuseorurtherbreedinganddevelopmentobiologicalmaterialthatmaybecoveredbyapatentisnotexempted.Thenatureopatentclaimsarecomplexanditisnotasimplemattertodetermineiavarietyiscoveredbyapatentwhichotenleadstouncertaintythatdiscouragesbreederstomakeuseocertainvarietiesintheirbreedingprogramsthushinderinginnovationinplantbreedingandvarietydevelopment.Nowwiththeclickoabuttonbreederscanaccesspatentinormationaboutvarietiesointerestallowingthemtomakemoreinormedchoiceswhenselectingvarietiesorbreedingprograms.VarietiesincludedinPINTOarelinkedtoeitherpatentsalreadygrantedortopublishedpatentapplicationsinEurope.ThisinformationissuppliedtotheESAonavoluntarybasisbythosedevelopingtherespectivevarieties.InitiallyPINTOwillfocusonvarietiescommercializedintheEUandEFTAcountries.ESAslong-termgoalistoincludeplantvarietiesromothercountriesandcontinents.KatharinaBednarzandKariBelangerNewToolforBreedersPINTOprovidestransparencytoplantbreeders.PINTOisfreelyaccessibletoallinterestedpartiesateuroseeds.orgpatent-database.Aftercreatingapersonalaccountuserscansearchthedatabasebyanumberofcriteriasuchasvarietydenominationspeciespatentholderpatentnumberandkeyword.Researchinstitutesuniversitiesfarmersgrowersoranyindustrystakeholdersarewelcometousethedatabase.WEBWHEREONTHEWEBELIEVEITISCRUCIALTHATUNCERTAINTYORLACKOFTRANSPARENCYDONOTDISCOURAGETHEUSEOFMATERIALANDPOTENTIALLYREDUCEINNOVATION.GarlichvonEssen 2013MeridianManufacturingInc.RegisteredTrademarksUsedUnderLicense.Titan2.......................150Titan2SE...................400Titan4SE...................700110BST.....................100225RST.....................400NEW240....................500NEW375....................600240RTand375RT.....800TendermustbepurchasedwithaMeridiantrailercompletepackagetoqualifyforthecashback.Whilesupplieslast.REGISTERYOURTENDERSALEONLINEAThttpdealers.meridianmfg.comloginmeridianseedtendersofferendsseptember302013 38SEEDWORLD.COMTHEISSUEOFsavingseedhasalwaysbeenacontroversialandcomplicatedmatterintheUnitedStates.TraditionallyU.S.courtshaveheldthatseedreproducedrompatentedseedcouldnotbesavedbasedonthepremisethatthedoctrineopatentexhaustiondoesnotextendtosel-replicatingpatentedtechnology.HoweverasappliedtopatentedseedthedoctrineopatentexhaustionhadneverbeenafrmedbythehighestcourtinthelanduntilMay13whentheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtinaunanimousdecisionheldinBowmanv.Monsantoetal.thatpatentexhaustiondoesnotpermitaarmertoreproducepatentedseedsthroughplantingandharvestingwithoutthepatentholderspermission.AccordingtoU.S.patentlawapatentprovidesthepatentholdertherighttoexcludeothersrommakingusingoeringorsaleorsellingtheinventionthroughouttheUnitedStatesorimportingtheinventionintotheUnitedStates.Intheagriculturalindustrypatentsaregrantedonsubjectmattersuchasnovelgenespromotersselectablemarkersnoveltraitsandnovelplantvarieties.Howevertheabilitytoprotectseedthroughpatentsandthescopeopatentprotectionorseedhasnotalwaysbeencompletelyunderstoodespeciallyhowthedoctrineopatentexhaustionwouldbeappliedtopatentedseed.Patentexhaustionisaprincipleolawthatisappliedonceanunrestrictedsaleauthorizedbythepatentowneroapatentedproducttakesplace.LowercourtsneverthelesshaveSUPREMECOURTHOLDSPATENTEXHAUSTIONDOESNOTAPPLYTOPATENTEDSEEDSPatentlawexpertssaytherecentdecisionbytheU.S.SupremeCourtinthecaseofBowmanv.Monsantowillprovidetheseedindustrywithasenseofsecurityandwillensurethousandsofpatentswillbeenforciblefortheirlifetimes.traditionallyheldthatsel-replicatingtechnologysuchasseeddidnotallundertheruleopatentexhaustion.In2002inMonsantov.McFarlingtheFederalCircuitCourtoAppealsafrmedtheprinciplethatthedoctrineopatentexhaustiondidnotprovidetherighttosavepatentedseed.InthiscaseMcFarlingsavedRoundupReadyseedandreplantedthesavedseedinviolationoMonsantostechnologyagreement.McFarlingarguedmisuseopatentsbeoretheU.S.FederalDistrictCourtandthecourtdidnotagree.TherighttosaveseedoplantsregisteredunderthePVPAdoesnotimparttherighttosaveseedoplantspatentedunderthePatentAct.Thecourtstatedthatthefrstsaledoctrineoexhaustionothepatentrightisnotimplicatedasthenewseedsgrownromtheoriginalbatchhadneverbeensold.AterMcFarlingtheFederalCircuitCourtoAppealsin2006urtherclariiedthescopeopatentexhaustioninrelationtopatentedseedinMonsantov.Scruggs.MonsantosuedScruggsorpatentinringementoRoundupReadysoybeansandcottonbasedonthepremisethatScruggshadreplantedpatentedseed.ScruggshadpurchasedthepatentedsoybeanandcottonseedromcompanieswithoutsigningalicenseromMonsanto.Scruggsplantedthepurchasedseedsandreplantedsubsequentgenerationsoseed.FederalCircuitheldthatwithouttheactualsaleothesecondgenerationseedtoScruggstherecanbenopatentexhaustion.Theactthata 40SEEDWORLD.COMpatentedtechnologycanreplicateitseldoesnotgiveapurchasertherighttousereplicatedcopiesothetechnology.Applyingthefrstsaledoctrinetosubsequentgenerationsosel-replicatingtechnologywouldevisceratetherightsothepatentholder.In2012inBowmanv.MonsantotheSupremeCourtfnallydecidedthetimewasrighttosettletheissueowhetherpatentexhaustionappliedtopatentedseed.BowmananIndianaarmersavedandreplantedpatentedMonsantosoybeanseedsorseveralyears.MonsantosuedBowmanandthecasewaseventuallytakentotheSupremeCourt.ThequestionsbeorethecourtintheBowmancasewere1whetherthecourtshouldreusetofndpatentexhaustioninpatentedseedsthatweresoldorplantingand2whethertocreateanexceptiontothedoctrineopatentexhaustionorsel-replicatingtechnologies.Thatisinthiscasewhetheraarmerwhobuyspatentedseedsmayreproducethemthroughplantingandharvestingwithoutthepatentholderspermission.TheBowmancaseinvolvedtheuseosoybeanseedsthatincludedMonsantospatentedRoundupReadyherbicideresistancetrait.AccordingtothecasehistoryBowmanpurchasedseedsromalocalgrainelevatorthathadbeenharvestedromlocalfeldsinpreviousseasonsandincludedseedswiththeRoundupReadytrait.AterpurchasingtheseedsBowmanplantedthemandsavedsomeotheresultingseedorplantingagain.MonsantohadprevailedonsummaryjudgmentopatentinringementattheDistrictCourtlevel.OnappealtotheFederalCircuitBowmanarguedthatthedoctrineopatentexhaustionwastriggeredbytheauthorizedsaleothepatentedseedbythegrainelevatortoBowmanandthatbecauseotheauthorizedsaleothepatentedseedsubsequentgenerationsoseedcouldalsobeusedbecausethepurchasedseedsubstantiallyembodieslatergenerations.TheFederalCircuitrejectedBowmanssubstantiallyembodiesargumentandheldthatpatentexhaustionwasnotavailableasadeensetopatentinringementoratleastsomeoBowmansactivities.TheFederalCircuitocuseditsdecisionontheplantsandseedBowmangrewromthepurchasedseed.TheFederalCircuitheldthatBowmansauthorizedpurchaseothepatentedseedromthegrainelevatordidnotexhaustMonsantosrightsinsubsequentgenerationsoplantsandseedsthatBowmanmaderomthepurchasedseed.AccordingtotheFederalCircuittheactthatapatentedtechnologycanreplicateitseldoesnotgiveapurchasertherighttousereplicatedcopiesothetechnology.OnceagrowerlikeBowmanplantsthecommodityseedscontainingMonsantosRoundupReadytechnologyandthenextgenerationoseeddevelopsthegrowerhascreatedanewlyinringingarticle.BelievingtheFederalCircuithaderredinitsrulingBowmanappealedtherulingtotheUnitedStatesSupremeCourt.OnreviewothecasetheSupremeCourtdecidedtoocusitsreviewothematteronthetermmakingandhowthetermshouldbeappliedtothedoctrineopatentexhaustion.TheocusonthetermmakingwasbaseduponthelanguageintheU.S.PatentActgrantingapatentholdertherighttoexcludeothersrommakingusingoeringorsaleorsellingtheinvention.Bowmanarguedbeorethecourtthatpatentexhaustionshouldapplybecauseseedsaremeanttobeplanted.Thecourtnotedthatthedoctrineopatentexhaustionismeanttopreventapatenteeromcontrollingtheuseoapatentedproductollowinganauthorizedsale.Bowmanarguedthatinplantingthepatentedseedsheismerelyusingtheminthenormalwayarmersdo.ThequestionsbeforethecourtintheBowmancasewerewhetherthecourtshouldrefusetofindpatentexhaustioninpatentedseedsthatweresoldforplantingandwhethertocreateanexceptiontothedoctrineofpatentexhaustionforself-replicatingtechnologies.HoweverthecourtdidnotagreewithBowmanstatingthattheexhaustiondoctrinedoesnotenableBowmantomakeadditionalpatentedsoybeanswithoutMonsantospermission.Isimplecopyingwereaprotecteduseapatentwouldplummetinvalueatertheirstsaleotheirstitemcontainingtheinvention.Theundilutedpatentmonopolyitmightbesaidwouldextendnotor20yearsasthePatentActpromisesbutoronlyonetransaction.AndthatwouldresultinlessincentiveorinnovationthanCongresswanted.IntheendthecourtdeterminedthatBowmanplantedMonsantospatentedsoybeanssolelytomakeandmarketreplicasothemthusdeprivingthecompanyotherewardpatentlawprovidesorthesaleoeacharticle.Patentexhaustionprovidesnohavenorthatconduct.TheimportanceothiscaseortheU.S.seedindustryisimmense.TheU.S.SupremeCourtsholdingprovidestheseedindustrywithasenseosecurityknowingthatthethousandsoseedpatentsthathavebeengrantedduringthepast15to20yearswillbeenorcibleorthelieothepatent.HavingtheU.S.SupremeCourtconfrmthatpatentexhaustiondoesnotapplytopatentedseedsthroughBowmansecuresandensurescontinuedinnovationwithintheU.S.agriculturalindustry.JamesM.WeatherlyandBarbaraCampbellJamesM.WeatherlyandBarbaraCampbellareattorneysatCochranFreundYoungLLCinDenverColo.andhavemorethan15yearsofexperienceinprosecutingandenforcinghorticulturalvarietalandbiotechnology-basedpatentsplantpatentsUnitedStatesPlantVarietyProtectionplantbreedersrightsandtrademarksworldwide.Theycanbecontactedat303-341-7700jameswpatentlegal.comorbarbcpatentlegal.com. SEPTEMBER201341 42SEEDWORLD.COMINTERNATIONALAGRICULTURALDEVELOPMENTBYDENNISTHOMPSONChallengesHinderSeedIndustryDevelopmentinAfricaAPATCHWORKQUILTomorethan60sovereignstatesterritoriesanddeactoindependentstatescomprisesthecontinentoArica.Naturalresourcesabound.Foodproductionanddistributionsystemsthroughoutmuchothecontinenthoweverarepresentlyinadequatetomeetimmediatemuchlessburgeoninguturedemand.Theooddeicitisprojectedbysometobe60millionpounds14billionby2020.Yettheworldssecond-largestandsecond-mostpopulouscontinentatpresentuelslessthanthreepercentotheglobaleconomy.ThesheersizeandpoliticalcomplexityoAricaaloneisquitedaunting.Forward-thinkingseedproessionalscanenvisionmanylong-termcommercialopportunitiesthatmayevolvethroughoutAricaovertimeduetothepotentialorutureeconomicgrowthandresultingchangesinconsumeroodpreerences.ThetimelineandpathoseedindustrydevelopmentinAricashouldnotbeexpectedtobeuniormacrossitsmanycountriesorevenacrossbroadregions.Along-termperspectivedefnedindecadescombinedwithanunathomeddegreeopatiencemustbepresentromtheonset.Moreimportantlyhoweveristherequirementthatthiscommitmenttoperspectiveandpatiencebemaintainedovertimewithintheorganizationastodayschampionsmaynotbepresenttomorrow.InrealityonemustbepreparedtoacenotasingleAricaninrastructurechallengebutavarietyocountry-by-countryandregionalinrastructurechallengesthatcanbeexpectedtohinderrapidanduniormdevelopmentothecontinentsmultipleseedindustries.WemuststrivetolearnromthemanycommittedpeopleandorganizationspresentlydoinggoodworkwithinthecontextandconinesDENNISTHOMPSONISDEDICATEDTODELIVERINGSOLUTIONSANDEMPOWERINGPEOPLEANDORGANIZATIONSTOSOLVECOMPLEXPROBLEMSRELATEDTOINTERNATIONALAGRICULTURALDEVELOPMENTANDGLOBALFOODSECURITY.HISCAREEREXPERIENCEANDINTERNATIONALCREDENTIALSINCLUDEEXTENSIONEDUCATIONAGRONOMYANDADMINISTRATION.oArica.Thelargenumberanddiversityooodcropsaloneprovideschallengestothosedevelopingtheagriculturalindustry.Forexampleprimarycerealcropsincludemilletmaizericesorghumandwheat.Cowpeagroundnutandsoybeanarerepresentativeolegumeoodcrops.Rootsandtubersarevitallyimportantoodcropsandincludecassavayamandcocoyam.Onaday-to-daybasisdevelopmentpersonneldealwiththerealitiesomultiplecropkindsalongwiththenumerousinrastructureissuesthatotenimpededevelopmentovibrantandsustainableseedindustriesacrossthecontinent.BasedonpersonalexperiencesrelatedtooundationseedsystemsIholduptheexcellentdevelopmentalexampleotheAllianceoraGreenRevolutioninAricawhichwaslaunchedin2008.ItsvisionmissionandProgramorAricasSeedSystemsarerelevanttoissuessurroundingdevelopmentoseedindustriesthroughoutAricaandinthecontextotheAricancontinent.GettingbetterseedtoAfricanfarmersthroughtheProgramforAfricasSeedSystemsisoneofthemajorfocusesoftheAllianceforaGreenRevolutioninAfrica. 44SEEDWORLD.COMAGRAsvisionisAood-secureandprosperousAricaachievedthroughrapidsustainableagriculturalgrowthbasedonsmallholderarmers.TheorganizationsmissionisTotriggerauniquelyAricangreenrevolutionthattransormsagricultureintoahighly-productiveeicientcompetitiveandsustainablesystemthatassuresoodsecurityandlitsmillionsoutopoverty.GettingbetterseedtoAricanarmersthroughPASSisoneoivemajorocusareasoAllianceoraGreenRevolutioninAricaanditisjoinedbycomplementaryinitiativestoimprovesoilhealthprovidebetteraccesstomarketsbuildpartnershipstochangepoliciesandstrengthenarmerorganizations.PASSisalsoresponsibleoroursub-programsincludingEducationorAricanCropImprovementFundortheImprovementandAdoptionoAricanCropsSeedProductionorAricaandtheAgroDealerDevelopmentProgram.IvelearnedagreatdealrommyassociationwithPASSanditstalentedanddedicatedprogramocersbasedinKenyaandGhanaandromloyalprogramparticipantsinEthiopiaNigeriaandTanzania.HerearebutaewexamplesotheinrastructureandsystemicrealitiesourcolleaguesinPASSmustsortthroughonadailybasis.WESTAFRICANIGERIAHistoricallytheproductionandsaleooundationseedwascoordinatedbythegovernment.Availabilityoappropriatevarietiesatacceptablelevelsoqualitywasotenamajorconcernoarmers.Thenationalseedpolicyenvironmenthasbeenshitingawayromthetraditionalstrongcentralgovernmentalproductionandsupplymodelandnewermechanismsarebeingintroducedtoallowgreaterinvolvementoprivatesectorseedcompanies.NigerianlawnowprovidesorprivatecompanybrandingoseedsomewhatsimilartothatwhichisallowedinselectU.S.states.NigeriasapproachtoallowbrandedseedhoweverisuniquetotheWestAricanregion.EASTAFRICAETHIOPIAEvolutionotheseedindustryallowsorvariousmeansoproducinganddistributingoundationseed.HistoricallyaprimarygovernmentparastataltheEthiopianSeedEnterpriseheldtheresponsibility.In2009aour-membersubsetonewparastatalswasormedbyESE.SeveralkeypersonnelandacilitiesoncepartoESEmorphedintothenewerparastatalorganizationsplacingaburdenonESEtocarryoutitsdirectmissionoproducinganddistributingseed.Inadditionseverallocalseedcompaniesarealsoactiveandatleastonemultinationalcompanyhasapresence.Howeverperhapsonly10percentothecountrysrequirementsarebeingmet.SOUTHERNAFRICAAsaresultothe2002governmentalliberalizationotheseedsub-sectorthenumberoprivateseedcompanieshasfourished.InadditionseveralAricanregionalcompaniesandatleasttwomultinationalcompaniesareactivelyengagedintheseedindustryoTanzania.TheAgriculturalSeedAgencyslimitedcapacitytoproducetheoundationseednecessarytomeetdemandorhybridmaizeproductionhascreatedadditionalchallenges.Asaresultsomenewervarietieshavenotbeenwidelycommercializedandmadeavailabletoarmers.Farmershavecontinuedtorelyonolderhybridvarietiesoropen-pollinatedvarieties.InkeepingwithSeedWorldsSeptemberthemeoItsaSmallWorldIsharethisbriebitoinormationgleanedrecentlyromcommunicationswithAccraGhana-basedPASSprogramleaderIssououKapranrelatedtomyinterestintheagriculturalprogramoGantaUnitedMethodistSchoolinGantaCityLiberia.GantaSchoolprovidesvocationaltrainingorhighschool-agedyouthandtheresultsoagriculturalproductionattheschoolgenerateoperationalrevenuetopartiallysupporttheprogram.GantaMethodistMissionStationsuperintendentRev.PriscillaLegay-Jaiahisprovidingvocationaltrainingorthenextgenerationoyouth.Howeversherecentlysharedshewasorcedtodiscontinueapoultryenterpriseinpartduetothelackoareadilyavailablelocalsupplyomaize.Sheindicatedtheneedortechnicalassistancetoencouragemaizeproductionintheregion.KapransharedthatPASShasbeenactiveinLiberiaalthoughnotinthenorthernregionwhereGantaSchoolislocatedorthepasttwoyears.MorerecentlyPASSlocatedaconsultantinLiberiaorasix-monthperiodandanassessmentinNimbaCountywhereGantaSchoolislocatedhasbeenperormedwithrespecttothepotentialormaizeproduction.DevelopmentotheseedindustryinAricaresemblestheassemblyoapatchworkquiltExpectanintricatedesignbutbepatientasitmaybeveryslowinthemaking.Agricultureparticularlytheseedindustryremainsadynamicanddevelopingindustryever-changingandconstantlyevolving.Youplayavitalrole.DoitwellAfricasnationalseedpolicyhasbeenshiftingawayfromthetraditionalstrongcentralgovernmentproductionandsupplymodel. ThewaytogreatSeedSolutionsisalwaysacrosstheelds.WithSeedSolutionsfromBASFyougetthemostinnovativeproductsandtechnologiesforseedtreatmentdevelopedinclosecollaborationwithseedcompaniesandgrowersfromaroundtheworld.BasedonthecombinationoffocusedRDandtheknowledgefromtheBASFGroupourtailor-madesolutionsareabletomeetyourindividualneeds.Theyprotectandincreasethevalueoftheseedandtheemergingplantmakingtreatedseedsanintegralpartofcropsolutionsandtheseedindustryanessentialpartofthegrowersinvestmentdecisions.www.solutions-for-seeds.com 46SEEDWORLD.COMMembersoftheNationalAssociationofPlantBreedersandthePlantBreedingCoordinatingCommitteeockedtoFloridatonetworkstrategizeandtakeinnewbreedingdevelopmentsattheannualconference.toprovisionitselbutdosowhileacingmultiplesignicantchallengesnewpathogenspestshighertemperaturesandlessrainbutalsousinglesslandlesswaterandewerenergyandchemicalinputs.InadditiontoareorganizationothePBCCandNAPBtheeventocusedonanumberodirectionsplantbreedingwillbemovinginthecomingmonthsandyearsincludingalookatthetechnologybeingdevelopedtomakeiteasierorplantbreederstoanalyzeandinterpretthemassiveamountsodatatheycollect.ThebigprobleminplantbreedingrightnowisthatwecancreatedataasterthanwecananalyzeitVanDeynzeexplains.OneothemajordevelopmentsinthisareahasbeentheiPlantinitiativewhichaimstodevelopboththehardwareinrastructureandthealgorithmsandsotwaretohelpbreedershandlethemassiveamountsodatatheyreabletocollect.StephenGodirectorotheiPlantCollaborativemadeapresentationtotheconerencedetailingtheprojectwhichiscurrentlyinitsthyearodevelopment.AnothernewtoolorplantbreedersrolledoutinJuneaterveyearsodevelopmentistheIntegratedBreedingPlatormwhichwaspresentedtotheconerencebyJean-MarcelRibautPlantBreedersLooktotheFutureTHENATIONALASSOCIATIONoPlantBreedersandthePlantBreedingCoordinatingCommitteehadtheireyesixedirmlyorwardduringtheirannualconerenceinTampaFla.June2to5wheremorethan170NAPBandPBCCmemberscametogetheraroundthethemeopositioningplantbreedingortheuture.NewanduturetechnologiesorplantbreedingupdatededucationmodelsorbreedersandthechallengesacingagricultureinthenearutureweresomeothetopicscoveredbydozensospeakersattheeventaccordingtopastPBCCchairAllenVanDeynzewhonotedaparticularocusothisyearseventwastheinclusionoabout55graduatestudentsattendingtheconerence.SomereorganizationwithintheNAPBandPBCCalsotookplaceincludingamovebytheNAPBtoimprovetheadvocacypoweroplantbreedersonCapitolHill.VanDeynzewhoturnedoverleadershipothePBCCduringtheorganizationalportionotheJunemeetinghasbeenthecommitteesUniversityoCaliorniaDavisrepresentativesinceitsinceptionin2007whenthegroupwasstruckasanocialUnitedStatesDepartmentoAgriculturecommitteewiththegoaloactingasaorumorplantbreederstointeractwitheachotheraswellaswithlegislators.HeisalsoanactivememberotheNAPBwhichwasormedoutothePBCCasanindependentorganizationtoshareconcernswithlegislators.DiscussingthoseconcernswithlegislatorsnotesVanDeynzeissomethingthatgroupisgoingtobetakingmuchmoreseriouslynowthatithasstruckanocialNAPBAdvocacyCommitteetopursuelargerundingopportunities.WewanttogotoWashingtonwithsomeclearmessagesVanDeynzesaysnotingthatwhilethespeciicsothosemessagesarestillbeingworkedouttheywilladvocateormoreundingandgrantopportunitiesoranareaheeelshasbeensorelyneglectedbytheederalgovernment.OcoursewewanttoadvocateorahigherbudgetourbudgetshavebeenoverallIwouldsayembarrassingoragricultureingeneral.TheUSDAbudgetorgrantshasbeenfatsincetheyear2000VanDeynzesays.Wereallywantdoublebutwedbehappywith10percent.Werealizethatanincreasehastobeincrementalbutourgoalistoatleastdoubleiteventually.NAPBpastpresidentDavidStellyaddsthatitsimperativethatbreedingcapacitiesbere-invigoratedsothatthenationcanaddresstheverydiicultchallengesposedbytheneedApostersessionwithgraduatestudentsallowedplantbreederstondoutmoreaboutwhatthe70studentswhoattendedtheconferencewereworkingon.PhotoscourtesyofNAPB. SEPTEMBER201347GfasaccassaanDesignedbyLMCsleadingteamoresearcherstoprovidemaximumeciencydurabilityandprotability.TheLMCAsaoers3deningcharacteristicsthatnootherseparatorcan1.SiMpLepreCiSeoperationthatenablesmaximumprocessingeciencythrough-putandROI2.HeAvyduty14-gaugecarbonsteelconstructionthatguaranteesround-the-clockserviceandup-time3.CuStoMizAbLecongurationsthatoeryouthefexibilityyouneedoryouruniqueprocessingapplicationVisitwww.lewismcarter.comorcallLMCat1-800-667-6924toarrangeyourFREESeedAssessment.withthenewLMCAspirator 48SEEDWORLD.COMdirectoroftheConsultativeGrouponInternationalAgriculturalResearchsGenerationChallengeProgram.ItslikeabreederstoolboxinthatitsadatabaseandaprogramthatcanusedifferentsoftwaretotrackplantsthroughthedifferentstagesofbreedingprogramsVanDeynzesays.AnotherhottopicatthisyearsconferencewasnewwaysofeducatingplantbreedersincludingplantbreedingacademieslaunchedbyprivatecorporationssuchasSyngenta.WhatwetrytofocusonisneweducationmodelsyoucanhaveajointdegreeforexampleacrossinstitutionsVanDeynzesays.Wetalkedalotaboutdistanceeducationandcombinationsofdistanceeducationwithin-houseprogramsandplantbreedingacademieswhicharerunbysomeoftheprivatecompaniesinternally.Thoseinternally-operatededucationprogramsareawayforprivatecompaniestoensurethattheirprospectivestaffarealltrainedthesamewayVanDeynzesays.HeatherMerkprogramleadoftheSyngentaBreedingAcademypresentedinformationaboutthatparticularprogram.ItsnotuncommonforprivatecompaniestoruninternaleducationprogramssaysVanDeynze.Syngentaisnttheonlycompanythatsdoingthatnotatall.WehaveourownplantbreedingacademyhereatDavisthatsbeenaroundsince2006andtheresanumberofcompaniesdoingthathenotes.Thebasicdifferenceisacustomizedcourseversusamoregeneralcoursewithgeneraltopics.Thesekindsofacademiesandprogramscomplementtheprofessionaldevelopmentclassesthatuniversitiesmightbeputtingon.Partoftheconferencesforward-lookingthemealsoincludedtakingaspecialinterestinthegradstudentswhoattendedtheeventincludinghavingthemsetupapostercompetitiontoexplainwhattheyareworkingonaswellasgivingthestudentsmoreofanopportunitytoaddresstheconferencethaninpreviousyears.Wegaveabout30studentstheopportunitytospeakforoneminutethatsoundslikenotalotoftimebutitwasextremelysuccessfulbecauseitgavethestudentsachancetoputtheirfacetotheirnamesaysVanDeynzenotingthattheconferencealsoincludedthechanceforgradstudentstoparticipateinalifeskills-buildingworkshopwhichcoveredbudgetmanagementandunderstandingthebusinessofplantbreedingbetter.EverybodythoughtthiswasagreatinteractionwiththegraduatestudentsIthinkwerejustgoingtodomoreandmoreinthatregardastimegoesonsaysVanDeynzeaddingthatthestudentinvolvementwaswellreceivedbyconferenceattendees.Ithinkitwentverysmoothlythiswasoneofthebestconferenceswevehadsofarbecauseofcourseyoulearnasyougohesays.ThebigdifferencewasIthinkwehadtherightmixofinteractionandthetourswerereallygreatandthepeoplewerejustveryinvolvedthewholeway.JohnTownsYourSeedisinGoodHandsKrauterSolutionsmichaelkrauter-storage.comwww.krautersolutions.comContactusTodayAskforMikeat800-992-2824Climate-ControlledStorageGrowthChambersNewRetrofttedSystemsOurpatent-pendingPBCCNAPBmembersdiscusstomatobreedingattheGulfCoastResearchandEducationCenter. TheNationalAssociationofPlantBreedersandPlantBreedingCoordinatingCommitteewouldliketoexpressoursinceregratitudetothesponsorsthathavemadeourmeetingsuccessful.OurPersonalThanksDiamondSponsorPlatinumSponsorsUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgricultureNationalInstituteofFoodandAgricultureGoldSponsorsSilverSponsorsSTRAUGHNFARMSBronzeSponsorswww.plantbreeding.org AsteadydeclineinhoneybeehealthduringthepastseveralyearshasattractedtheattentionofagriculturalandscientificcommunitiesinNorthAmerica.Apismelliferathewesternhoneybeehasreachedacriticaljunctureaslargeoverwinterdie-offsofcoloniescontinuetoplaguethehoneybeepollinationindustry.LastOctobertheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturetheUnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyandPennStateUniversityorganizedtheNationalStakeholdersConferenceonHoneyBeeHealthtogatherstakeholderinputandconsiderfutureactionstopromotehealthandmitigateriskstoNorthAmericasmanagedhoneybees.CurrentlythesurvivorshipistoolowforustobeconfidentinourabilitytomeetthepollinationdemandsofU.S.agriculturalcropssaidJeffPettisUSDAAgricultureResearchServicesbeeresearchleaderduringapresentationattheconferencecalledTheCurrentStateofKnowledgeofCCDanditsRelationtoHoneyBeeHealth.Honeybeecolonieshavebeendyingatarateofabout30percentperyearoverthepastfewwinterswhichleavesvirtuallynocushionofbeesforpollinationhesaid.QUICKFACTTheUSDAhaslistednutritionaldeficienciespestsandpathogensandpesticideexposureasthemajorfactorsnegativelyaffectinghoneybeehealthinNorthAmerica.ParttwoofSeedWorldsProtectingPollinatorsseriesdelvesintothecombinationofstressorsaffectinghoneybeehealthandthreateningthehoneybeepollinationindustrypotentiallyplacingourglobalfoodsupplyatrisk.protectingpollinatorsHONEYBEESTRESSORSSince2006significantprogresshasbeenmadeinunderstandingthefactorsassociatedwithcolonylossesandtheoverallhealthofhoneybeesincludingthesequencingofthehoneybeegenome.Howevermanyexpertsagreethattheproblemhasproventobecomplexanddifficulttosolve.NosinglesilverbulletwillsolvetheproblemsaffectinghoneybeesandotherpollinatorsexplainedPettis.ItisimperativethatweincreasehoneybeesurvivalbothtomakebeekeepingprofitablebutmoreimportantlytomeetthedemandsofU.S.agricultureforpollinationandthusensurefoodsecurity.UponconclusionoftheconferencetheUSDAlistednutritionaldeficienciespestsandpathogensandpesticideexposureasthemajorfactorsnegativelyaffectinghoneybeehealthinNorthAmericawhilebeekeepingpracticesandlossofgeneticdiversityinbeebreedingalsoplayedrolesaffectinghoneybeehealth.Habitatenhancementjudiciousandtargetedpesticideuseimprovedcolonymanagementtechniquesandimproveddisease-andpest-resistantstocksofbeesarecollectivelyneededtoimprovethehealthofhoneybeecoloniessaidPettis.Itisimperativethatweincreasehoneybeesurvival.Honeybeecolonieshavebeendyingatarateofabout30percentperyear.Supportedby50SEEDWORLD.COM NUTRITIONEnsuringhoneybeeshaveappropriatenutritionandaccesstoproperforageisacriticalpieceofthepuzzleinkeepingcolonieshealthy.Goodnutritionhelpsbeesmaintainahealthyimmunesystemincludingdetoxificationsystemswhichpermitbeestofightoffstressorssuchaspesticidesandpathogens.HoneybeesneedcarbohydratesandproteinstosupplyalloftheirneedsforadultbeeactivityandbrooddevelopmentexplainsDickRogersanapiologistwithBayerCropSciencesBeeCareCenter.Thishastobeacontinuoussupplyduringthebrood-rearingseasonandoverthewintertheyneedasurplusstoredthattheycanaccess.Honeybeeswillnotthriveunlesstheyhaveadequatesuppliesofapproximately10aminoacids.Nosingleplantsourceprovidesallofthemorevenmorethanafew.Beeswillnaturallyseekoutdiverseforagebutinmonoculturesandwhereherbicidesareusedheavilythatforagemaybelimited.Asingleforagesourceisnotusuallyadequate.TheyneedtovisitdifferentplantsinordertogetablendofpollentoproducewhattheyneedsaysRogers.Somepollenisavailableinverylargequantitiesagoodexampleofthisiscornpollenbutevenwhenpollenisavailableinlargeamountssometimesitisnthelpfulasitdoesnothavetheadequateamountofcrudeproteinoraminoacids.Honeybeeshavereservesinthehiveandintheirbodiesandcanbridgetimesoffoodscarcityorlimitedforage.Butlongperiodsorrepeatedepisodesofpoornutritionwilllimitbeeshealth.Ifhoneybeesdonthavesufficientquantitiesofproteincarbohydratesandwatertheycannotraisebroodandthereforeyougetadwindlingeffect.AlsoifyoudonthavesufficientcarbohydratesbeesbecomeslowmovingandeventuallystarvetodeathexplainsRogers.Ascarcityofforageandwatercanbecausedbyanumberoffactorsincludingextremeweathereventsandpoorlandmanagement.Inmanagedcoloniesitisessentialforbeekeeperstobeawareofthequalityandquantityofforageavailabletobeesandwhennecessarytosupportthecolonieswithsupplementalfeedingsorrelocatehivestoareaswithadequateforage.InherpresentationatthenationalstakeholdersconferencecalledTheCurrentStateofKnowledgeofNutritionandBestManagementPracticesSEPTEMBER201351Beesneedtovisitdifferentplantsinordertogetablendofpollen.Significantprogresshasbeenmadeinunderstandingthefactorsassociatedwithcolonylosses.Howeverexpertsagreetheproblemhasprovencomplexanddifficulttosolve. 52SEEDWORLD.COMGloriaDeGrandi-HoffmandirectoroftheARSCarlHaydenBeeLabinTucsonAriz.explainedtheimportanceofnutrition.Nutritionalstressonoverwinteringcoloniesreducesthelifespanofadultworkersbyfourdayschangingthelengthoftheirlivesfromanaverageof35to31days.Shortenedlifespansofadultworkerbeescanhaveadramaticeffectonhowthecolonyperforms.Colonystructurewithinthehiveisbasedonage.Whenbeesfirstemergefromthebroodtheyperformin-hivejobssuchasnursingorgrooming.Asthebeesmaturetheymoveontodootherworkoutsideofthehiveasguardbeesandfinallyasforagersthelasttaskintheirlifespans.ItbecomesacyclesaysDavidEpsteinanentomologistatUSDAARSOfficeofPestManagementPolicy.Ifbeesarenotgettingtherightnutritiontheirlifespanisshortenedwhichcutsdownonforagingbeeswhichimpactsthecolonysabilitytobringbackpropernutritiontothehive.ComprehensivestudiesoftheroleofnutritioninhoneybeecolonyhealthhaveonlyrecentlybegunatthefieldcolonyandmolecularlevelsandaccordingtoNancyMoranaprofessorofecologyandevolutionarybiologyatYaleUniversityamorein-depthunderstandingofthenutritionalvalueofpollensourcesandthefactorsaffectingnutrientacquisitionwillprovideamoreaccurateassessmentofthenutritionalbenefitsofdifferentpollensourcesandartificialdiets.ANIMALPESTSInnaturebeesdealwithparasitesandpredatorsinadifferentmannerthaninmanagedcolonies.AccordingtoRogersinnaturecoloniesthatpersistthelongestarethosethatswarmfrequentlybecausetheyleavetheirproblemsbehindandstartover.Ifswarmingisunsuccessfulandthepestsorpathogenspersistcolonieswilldieout.Butinmanagedcolonieshoneybeesdonothavethesameopportunitiestofleeorswarmbecausebeekeeperstrytopreventswarmingsocoloniescanbelargerandmaintainedoverseveralyearsorlonger.Alsomanagedcoloniesarebuilttohighpopulationsandarekeptinman-madehiveswithincloseproximitytonumerousothercolonies.Thesefactorsintensifythespreadingandeffectsofanimalpests.Inmanagedhivesbeekeepershavetohelpthebeesbymanagingthepestsusingintegratedpestmanagementaswellascreatingastableenvironmentthatallowsbeestodefendthehivesuccessfully.YouneedtohavethesethingsorthebeeswillsufferexplainsRogers.Hiveswithmultipleaccesswaysotherthantheentrancemakeitdifficultforbeestodefendthenestandcreateeasyaccesstoanimalpestsandpredators.IftherearemultipleholesthereisIfbeesarenotgettingtherightnutritiontheirlifespanisshortenedwhichcutsdownonforagingbeeswhichimpactsthecolonysabilitytobringbackpropernutritiontothehive.QUICKFACTHiveswithmultipleaccesspointsaremoredifficultforbeestodefendagainstpestsandpredators.Propernutritionandforageaccessarecriticalfactorsinkeepinghoneybeecolonieshealthy. SupportedbySEPTEMBER201353alotofdriftingandspreadingofdiseaseandparasitesfromhivetohiveasaresultaswellasmoreaggressivebehaviorbetweenhivesandwithwaspssaysRogers.ThereareanumberofanimalpeststhatcurrentlyaffecthoneybeehealthwiththemostsignificantbeingtheVarroamite.VarroamitesarebyfartheNo.1animalpestthreattohoneybeesworldwidesaysEpstein.Knowntobethevampireofthebeeworldthesemitesfeedonbeebloodandreproduceonbeebrood.NotonlyareVarroamitesrecognizedasamajorfactorcausingcolonylossintheUnitedStatesandothercountriestheyalsoaffectbeeimmunesystemsandvectorseveraldebilitatingviruses.BetweenvirusesandtheVarroamiteifwecouldeliminateVarroamiteswecouldreducetheimpactthevirusesarehavingandthatwouldgoalongwaytoimprovinghoneybeehealthsaysRogers.CurrentlycommercialbeekeepershavefewoptionsintermsofcontrollingtheVarroamite.Inadditionscientistsarefindingevidenceofwidespreadresistancetothemostcommonlyusedchemicalsforkillingmites.Expertsarecallingforthedevelopmentofneweffectivetreatmentsandalternativemethodsofmitecontrol.OtheranimalpestsaffectinghoneybeehealtharetrachealmitesthesmallhivebeetleinthesouthandsoutheastUnitedStatesAfricanizedbeesthebeelouseandwaxmoths.Whilethesepestsareonbeekeepersradarstheyarecurrentlynotbeingwidelydetectedorregardedasamajorfactorincolonylosses.TheNo.1priorityismanagingtheVarroamitewhenitcomestopestmanagementinitiatives.AccordingtotheReportontheNationalStakeholdersConferenceonHoneyBeeHealthstakeholdersincludingtheUSDAurgethatresearchneedstogointotheintegratedpestmanagementapproachandnewactiveingredientsthathaveadifferentmodeofactionthatthemitesarentresistantto.VIRUSESANDDISEASEAccordingtothatsamereporttherearecurrentlymorethan20differentvirusesaffectinghoneybeehealthaswellasmultiplevirusesassociatedwithcolonylossesincludingtheIsraeliacuteparalysisvirusKashmirbeevirusacutebeeparalysisandmostsignificanttotheUnitedStatestheblackqueencellvirusanddeformedwingvirus.WhilethestudyofvirusesaffectingbeehealthposesachallengeforscientistsmanyofthetechniquesusedTheAfricanizedhoneybeeleftisoneofmanyanimalpestsaffectinghoneybeehealth.PhotocourtesyofScottBauerUSDAAgriculturalResearchServiceBugwood.org. toidentitytheseviruseshaveimproved.Knowledgeonthehoneybeegenomehashelpedprogressalotofunderstandingaboutdifferentviruses.ThedevelopmentofdiagnosticsandtreatmentareverymuchtiedtothatsaysEpstein.AccordingtotheUSDAVarroamitesaretheprimaryfactorknowntocauseamplifiedlevelsofsomeprominentbeevirusesincludingdeformedwingvirus.WeareinthepreliminarystagesofunderstandingbutevidenceispresentthatdeformedwingiscloselyassociatedwithandvectoredbyVarroamitesandVarroaissuspectedinvectoringseveralothervirusessaysEpstein.AmericanandEuropeanfoulbroodchalkbroodthesemoretraditionalproblemsshouldalsonotbeforgottenhesaysaddingthatAmericanfoulbroodisthemostwidespreadanddestructiveofhoneybeebrooddiseaseswithsomestrainshavingdevelopedresistancetoantibiotics.PESTICIDEEXPOSUREHowcropprotectantsaffecthoneybeehealthisstillbeingdebated.IntheReportontheNationalStakeholdersConferenceonHoneyBeeHealththeUSDAstatesItisnotclearbasedoncurrentresearchwhetherpesticideexposureisamajorfactorassociatedwithU.S.honeybeehealthdeclinesingeneralorspecificallyaffectsproductionofhoneyordeliveryofpollinationservices.Whileexpertsdonotdenythatexposuretopesticidescanaffecthoneybeehealththereisagreementamongstakeholdersthattherearemanyquestionsstilltobeanswered.Thesocialcomplexitiesofhoneybeecoloniesandtheuncontrollableaspectsoffieldresearchpresentsubstantialchallengesinaccuratelymeasuringhowlow-levelfield-relevantexposureistrulyaffectingcoloniesasawhole.FieldteststestfieldrealisticresidueswhereaslaboratorystudiesusearangeofhigherconcentrationstodeterminecriticalresponsesincludingacuteeffectsexplainsRogers.Inacolonysituationbeesarenotnormallyexposedtohigherconcentrationsofresidues.Labstudiesareaveryunnaturalhigh-stresssituationandthatiswhyitisnecessarytohavefield-leveltesting.Althoughtheknowledgegainedfromfield-leveltestshasincreasedinrecentyearsresearchershaveyettofindanswerstomanyvitalquestionsincludingroutesofexposurehowpesticidesaretransferredtobeesandmovewithinthebeeandwithinthecolonyaswellashowpesticidecompoundsaremetabolizedandexcretedandwhichmolecularreceptorsinsidebeesinteractwithpesticides.Inpursuitofidentifyingtheeffectpesticideshaveoncoloniesasawholeindustryexpertsareworkingtodeveloprelevantfield-leveltestingaswellasinvestigatingtheuseofcomputermodelingofcolonydemographics.ScientistsarelookingtousecomputermodelstodeterminewhatishappeningatthecolonylevelafterexposuretopesticidesasitcanaffectthecolonyinamyriadofwaysincludingtheproductionofthequeenhowitaffectsheregglayingprocesspheromonesfoodcollectionandeggdevelopmentsaysEpstein.Whilepesticidesmaybeacontributingfactortoadeclineinhoneybeehealthexpertsstresshoneybeecoloniesareexperiencingamultitudeofstressorsinvariousaspectsoftheirenvironmentswhicharecollectivelycausingthisdecline.ThefactofthematteristhatinagriculturewehavecomeaverylongwayinworkingwithourproducersinbestmanagementpracticesthatminimizetherisktotheenvironmentandwearealsoalwaysdevelopingnewpracticessaysEpstein.Youdontthrowsomethingawaybecauseyouhaveidentifiedaproblemwelearnhowtodoitbetterandwemoveforward.JenGolletzQUICKFACTVarroamitesaretheprimaryfactorknowntocauseamplifiedlevelsofsomeprominentbeeviruses.54SEEDWORLD.COMItisnotclearbasedoncurrentresearchwhetherpesticideexposureisamajorfactorassociatedwithU.S.honeybeehealthdeclinesingeneralorspecificallyaffectsproductionofhoneyordeliveryofpollinationservices. TheSeedSellerTrainingJournalistheonlypublicationdedicatedtosellingseed.UsedbycompaniesretailersandcooperativesacrosstheworldtohelptraintheirentiresalesforcesSeedSellerTrainingJournalwillhelpkeepyouandyourteamfocusedmotivatedandreadytoselleachandeverymonth.MakesureallmembersofyoursalesteamshavetheirownsubscriptionsbysigningthemuptodayU.S.andCanadaSubscribers110peryearfor6printissuesand2digitalissuesInternationalSubscribers190peryearfor6printissuesand2digitalissuesSalesteamsubscriptionsavailableSeedSellerTrainingJournalisthemostcost-effectivetrainingtoolavailable.SubscribetodaysellmoretodaywithSeedSellerTrainingJournalSubscribetodayseedsellerjournal.com 56SEEDWORLD.COMExploringideasandviewsonallaspectsoftheseedindustry.WORKERSWANTEDWecertainlyhaveashortfallnodoubtaboutitsaysSonnyRamaswamydirectoroftheUSDAsNationalInstituteofFoodandAgriculture.RamaswamyaddsthatwhiletherehasbeenanincreaseinthenumberofstudentsenrolledinagricultureatU.S.universitiesthatsnotbeenenoughtokeepupwiththedemandthatwevegotintheworkforce.TheNationalInstituteofFoodandAgriculturefundedastudyreleasedbyPurdueUniversityin2010thatshowedjusthowbigofaproblemtheemploymentsituationmightbefortheindustry.TheresearchfoundthatBETWEEN2010AND2015ANESTIMATED54400JOBSWOULDBECREATEDANNUALLYINAGRICULTURALFOODANDRENEWABLENATURALRESOURCES.Tohelpfillthevoidapproximately29300studentsareexpectedtoearndegreesintraditionalagricultureandlifescience-relatedfieldseachyear.Anadditional24200studentsareseencomingfromdisciplinessuchasbiologicalsciencesorbusinesseswheregraduatescouldchoosetogointoagricultureoranotherfield.MONSANTOINVESTSINEUROPEPeoplehavesaidweareexitingtheGMObusinessinEuropebutwedontreallyhaveabusinessMonsantospresidentandmanagingdirectorforEuropeJoseManuelMaderorecentlytoldReutersinaninterview.ConventionalseedistheareawherewearefocusingatthistimeinEuropeandwearefundingthebusinessinawaythatwehaventdoneformorethan15yearshesaid.Thecompanyisalreadyinvesting300milliontoexpanditsexistingseedproductionfacilitiesinFranceRomaniaHungaryandTurkeyandhasplanstospendseveralhundredmilliondollarsmoreoverthenextfiveyearsMaderosaid.ThebulkofthatfutureinvestmentisdestinedforUkrainewhereMonsantoexpectstohaveitslargestseedproductionplantinEuropewithinfiveyearsafterearmarkinganinitial150-millioninvestmentwhichcouldriseto300millionwithinseveralyears.Ukraineisamajorglobalgrainproducerandisforecasttoexport14.5milliontonnesofmaizethisyear.ThecountrycurrentlyimportsaroundhalfoftheseeditneedstoproduceitsannualmaizecropbutMonsantosaiditsplantwouldreducethatdependencebyaboutafifth.ThecompanydeclinedtorevealitsrevenuesinUkrainebutsaidthetotalareasownwithitsseedstheredoubledbetween2012and2013andthatitwasoptimisticthatsuchgrowthwouldcontinue.IncomepercapitacontinuestoincreasearoundtheworldinIndiaandChinaandUkraineisplayingaveryimportantroleinsupplyingthosemarketsinAsiawithgrainsoweneedtomakesurethatwearepresentthereMaderosaid.HYBRIDWHEATONTRACKCreatinghybridwheatissimpleRandyRichsaidinarecentinterviewwithFarmFutures.RichisaveteranbreederwithplentyofyearsinvestedinhybridwheatresearchandtheleaderthatSyngentaexpectstobringthefirstcommercialhybridwheattofarmfieldsacrosstheUnitedStatesby2020.Creatingthehybridisassimpleasmakingafirstcross.Breedersdoitallthetimeindevelopingnewvarieties.ThetrickisfindingtherightproductionprocesstomakingthosepromisinghybridseasyandeffectivetogrowincommercialquantitiesRichsaid.WhenSyngentadecidedtocomebackintohybridwheatresearchIwasabletocomeherewithaprettystrongknowledgeofwhatgermplasmwasalreadyoutthere.Itprovidedmeaheadstartingettingbackintoresearch.Wealreadyknowwhichlinesmakethebesthybridsandprovidethatheterosisthatmakeshybridsperformbetterthaneitheroftheirparents.UKRAINEISAMAJORGLOBALGRAINPRODUCERANDISFORECASTTOEXPORT14.5MILLIONTONNESOFMAIZETHISYEAR. www.petkus.deBenefitthroughTechnologyTECHNOLOGYENGINEERINGSERVICEVisitusattheAGRITECHNICABooth06-F32HannoverGermany12-16November2013 Aeaturedsegmentdesignedtosharebusiness-criticalinormationtoseed-sellingproessionals.VisitSeedWorld.comtodownloadthisdepartmentandothertoolstohelpyousellseedtoarmers.ConrmingSeedOrdersSTRATEGYAeaturedsegmentdesignedtosharebusiness-criticalinormationtoseed-sellingproessionals.VisitSeedWorld.comtodownloadthisdepartmentandothertoolstohelpyousellseedtoarmers.SEEDINOCULANTSHAVEbeenaroundinoneformoranotherfordecadesandtheamountofinformationavailableonmaterialsandtreatmentmethodshasgrownbyleapsandboundsduringthattime.Thechallengefacingbiotechcompaniesinthisageofhigh-speedInternettabletcomputersandsocialmediaisdetermininghowbesttodeliverthatinformationtoretailersandtheircustomers.Thedirectorosalesandmarketingoroneleadingglobalbioinnovationcompanybelievesthatdigitaltechnologycouldoerthesolution.ThatisthegaphowdowecommunicateeectivelywithourcustomerbeitaretailerbeitagrowerbeitadistributorsaysChuckBroughtondirectoroNorthAmericansalesandmarketingorNovozymesBioAg.Theknowledgeisoutthere.ThequestionishowdowetranserthatknowledgemostefcientlyItstartswithsocialmedia.Growersbeganusingsocialmediaandadoptedthattechnologyquiterapidly.Werenotnearlyasactiveinthatasweneedtobeinmyopinion.Thatreallycouldbethekeytothisintheuture.InoculantsPromiseSubstantialReturnonInvestmentOneexampleosuchaninormationgapaccordingtoBroughtonisthatinoculationisnolongersimplyaboutsupplyingrhizobiatoseedsorthesurroundingsoil.Hiscompanyhasbranchedintothephosphateinoculantandbioyieldenhancementcategoriesandhasbecomeincreasinglyocusedonvalue-addedproductssuchasitsJumpStartandTagTeamLCOtechnologies.Thisisnolongeryourgrandpasorevenyourathersinoculanthesays.Theresbeenalotoinnovationoverthelastthreeorouryears.Werereallytakingaplatormapproach.Itsanaturalevolutionotheindustry.Competitionisawonderulthing.Ittrulymakescompaniesrethinkthemselves.Whenwebeganthismodernagebackinthemid-90sorlate-90sitwasallaboutgranularinoculantsorsoybeans.ItthenmigratedtoliquidinoculantsorsoybeansthatlastedontheseedormorethanourorfvedaysBroughtonadds.WhatcompanieslikeNovozymesandBASFinthisindustryarestrongonisscienceanditisabsolutelyahugeadvantageorourgrowers.Whenwestartapplyingsciencetothebioagriculturalsegmentthatwereineverybodywins.Thatsallborneoutocompetition.AtonepointaseedcompanysaidHeycouldwegetabiggershareothesoybeanseedmarketbyoeringbiologicalseedtreatmentsInoculanttechnologyromthe1990swerenoteasytouseandwerecognizedthatandimprovedthetreatabilityoourproducts.Innovationsawonderulthing.Asdemandorseedtreatmentshasgrownsohasthenumberooptions58SEEDWORLD.COMChuckBroughtonofNovozymesBioAgsaystherehavebeenmanyinnovationsininoculantsinthepastfewyears. andproductsavailabletobothretailersandgrowers.ThatpresentsanewchallengeespeciallyorretailerswhoaredoingthephysicaltreatmentotheseedHowmuchistoomuchAsmoreandmoreproductsaretryingtogoonthatseedandarefghtingorspaceonthatseedtheretailersandgrowersarehavingtomakemoreandmorechoicesastowhichinputsandproductstheyaregoingtoincludeintheirseedtreatmentssaysRussBerndtproductmanagerorBASF.Youkindoreachalimitonhowmuchvolumeoliquidyoucanactuallyputontheseedandgetituniormlycoatedanddriedandmakeitstillgothroughyourtreatmentandseed-handlingequipmentwithoutitbecomingastickymess.Inonecasetheinoculantworksandintheotherthechemicalkillstheinoculanthesays.Wespendasignifcantamountotimethinkingaboutcompatibilityandhowdowesatisyalltheneedsandrequestsorcompatibilityinormation.Wedohavetheresourcestoperormthosetestsandquiteranklytheresponsibilitytotheindustrytomakesurewhenwemakearecommendationthatitstherightrecommendation.Seedinoculantewostoreshelvesinsomepartsothecountrythispastspring.Littlewonderwhenmanyinoculantspromiseareturnoninvestmento41whichcanrepresentanadditionaltwobushelsperacreinthecaseosoybeans.SEPTEMBER201359Seedinoculantsewofftheshelvesinsomepartsofthecountryearlierthisyearthankstothepromiseofasignicantreturnoninvestment.ASMOREANDMOREPRODUCTSARETRYINGTOGOONTHATSEEDANDAREFIGHTINGFORSPACEONTHATSEEDTHERETAILERSANDGROWERSAREHAVINGTOMAKEMOREANDMORECHOICES.RUSSBERNDTSohowdoesaretailerorproducerdeterminetherightcombinationoproductstoapplytotheseedtheyareworkingwithBerndtmaintainsoneothekeyactorstoconsiderbeorechoosinganyproductistheapplicationvolumerequired.LowapplicationvolumesIthinkarebecomingmoreandmoreimportanttoseedtreaters.Asyouaretryingtoputmoreotheseproductsonyoukindoreachalimitastohowmuchyoucanputonintermsovolumehesays.Obviouslyyoureeithergoingtohavetolimitthenumberodierenttreatmentproductsyoucanputontheseedorlookortheproductsthathavethelowestapplicationvolumesothatyoucangetmoreproductsonatatime.Broughtonsaysanotherimportantchallengethatneedstobeaddressedwhenitcomestoinoculantsistheissueocompatibility.Becausenotallsyntheticchemistryisthesamedierentproductscanproducedramaticallydierentresultsintermsotheircompatibilitywithbiologicals.ForexampletwodierentproductscanbothcontainChemicalXatthesamepercentage.HowevertheinertingredientsandtheormulantsinagenericproductversusabrandedonecanbedramaticallydierentaccordingtoBroughtonandcansimilarlyproducedramaticallydierentresults. JusthowmuchoanROIaninoculantcandelivergenerallydependsonwhereyouareandwhatkindosoilconditionsyouaredealingwith.InNorthDakotaagrowermightseeareturno61whilethenumbermightbe41inIowa.IyoucanspendabuckandmakeourdollarsandwecouldmakethatdealtodayImsureyouwouldtakeitBroughtonsays.AnothernotableevolutionininoculantsheaddsisthatseedtreatmenthasbecomeasmuchaboutscienceasithasaboutartpointingtoNovozymesJumpStarttechnologyasanexample.ThesciencecomesintoplaywhenacompanysuchasNovozymesworkswithitscustomerstohelpthemmeettheirendgoals.Forexamplesayacustomerwantsaninoculanttolastonitscanolaseedoruptoourmonths.Novozymeswillreviewtheproductsandtherecipethecustomerisputtingonthatseedandletthemknoweverythingthereistoknowaboutcompatibility.TheartpartoitiswhereinthatprocesscanweputontheinoculantBroughtonsays.Whenwegetanswerstothosetypesoquestionswecangetthatlieontheseedandwevalidateit.WedontjustsaySureiyouwantsixmonthswellgiveyousixmonths.Weworkthroughtheprocessandthenvalidateitinourlabsattheendtomakesurethatourrecommendationisright.HowlonganinoculantcanbeonaseedandremaineectivedependsonanumberoactorsaccordingtoBroughton.Thoseactorsincludelastewyearsinthatfeldthereisstillrhizobiaintherehesays.Thismaybeatrueassumption...butalototimesthoserhizobiahavekindoselectedthemselvesthroughanaturalselectiontobegoodatsurvivinginthesoilandnotnecessarilybeingagoodnitrogen-fxingrhizobiaortheplant.Theyremoreoutorthemselves.Anddontexpectthepaceoinnovationtoslowanytimesoonwhenitcomestoinoculants.ManycompaniesincludingBASFandNovozymesarecontinuingtoworkonneworimprovedbiological-basedproductsandareintheprocessotryingtoobtainregistrationromtheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency.60SEEDWORLD.COMManysoybeaninoculantspromiseareturnoninvestmentof41.therobustnessoftheinoculantformulaitscompatibilitywithotherproductsinthemixontheseedhowtheproductisappliedtotheseedstorageconditionoftheseedaftertheinoculanthasbeenappliedInthecaseosoybeansinoculantscanbeappliedtotheseedandremaineectiveorbetweenthreeand120dayswhilecanolatreatmentscanlastbetweenfvedaysandfvemonthsBroughtonadds.StillBerndtemphasizesthatitsimportanttorememberinoculantshavealimitedliespanandthatseedespeciallyinthecaseosoybeansneedstobetreatedwithreshrhizobialinoculanteachyear.GrowershavekindogrownupwiththisimpressionthatiIvehadsoybeansthe DemandforHigherYieldsHelpingDriveAppetiteforInoculantsItsairtosaythatTobyRipbergerhasmorethanapassinginterestinseedinoculantsandtheimpacttheycanhaveonproduction.RipbergeristhecoordinatoroBecksHybridsPracticalFarmResearchdivision.Assuchitshisjobtooverseethecompanysagronomic-basedresearchaimedatprovidingproducerswithbestmanagementpracticesonhowtogrowtheircropsasefcientlyaspossibleandimprovetheirbottomline.Hesaystheincreasedattentionbeingpaidtoinoculantsshouldhardlycomeasasurprise.IdobelievedemandhasgrownRipbergersays.Ithinkithastodowiththeactaswestrivetogainyieldandhigherproductivityothesamenumberoacreswerecurrentlyarmingweretryingtofndeverylittlewaythatwecantomanagethoseacrestobeasproductiveaspossible.Wealsohavetokeepinmindtheactthatiapieceogroundhasnthadthebacteriaandhasnthadsoybeanstherewewanttomakesureandintroducethatwhenwearebringingthatcropintothelandandintothesoybeancroppingrotation.BecksoperatesfvePracticalFarmResearchcenterswithtwoinIllinoisandothersitesinIndianaKentuckyandOhio.Mostothecompanysstudiesocusonnewtechnologiesaswellasconceptsandideasgeneratedbyarmers.TheresultsareshowcasedatregularfeldeventshostedbyBecksandarealsopublishedinanannualreportaswellasbeingpostedonline.Ripbergeragreesthatitcanbedifcultorproducerstochoosetherightkindotreatmentwithsomuchinormationonthesubjectnowavailableonline.Thekeyhesaysisorthemtoprovidetheirretailpartnerswithasmuchspecifcinormationabouttheiroperationaspossible.Ithinktherecanbeagapininormationsometimesbutweredoingthebestwecantogettheinormationouttoourcustomershesays.Ocourseeverybodyisgoingtobelookingorsomethingalittledierentdependingontheirsoiltypeandtheirgrowingareasotheyshouldmakesuretheygettheinormationthatisrelevanttotheirareaandenvironment.RipbergersaysthePFRarmshaveperormedsomestudiesoninoculantsmostowhichhavecenteredoncasesotakingsomethingoutopastureandputtingitbackintocroplandoranewarmthatsbeengrowingcornyearateryearwherebacteriaromsoybeansisntpresent.InnovationsinseedtreatmentssuchaspolymerextendershaveprovidedmoreoptionswhenitcomestoinoculantsRipbergeradds.Compatibilityremainsakeyissuewhenitcomestomixinginoculantswithothercompoundssuchasungicidesandpesticides.Ripbergerstressesitssomethingbothretailersandgrowersneedtobeawareo.Sinceweareusinglivebacteriawhetheritbemixingitwithothertreatmentsandthingsothatnaturewejusthavetoknowourlimitswhichbacteriawereusingandalsothetreatmentssotheycanlivetogetherhesays.SomeothecompaniesouttherethathaveinoculantshavebeenworkingonthatandcontinuetoimprovethatsoIthinkmakingthosestridestowardsthecapabilityomixingandlongershelliveswillbeobeneft.TobyRipbergeristhecoordinatorofBecksHybridsPracticalFarmResearchdivision.SEPTEMBER201361 62SEEDWORLD.COMAnin-depthoverviewontheglobalseedindustry.FromlogisticschallengesinBraziltoanewAustraliandatabaseforpastureseedproducts.STATUSBRAZILTHISYEARislikelytobeaverydifcultyearoragribusi-nesslogisticsinBrazilaccord-ingtoRabobank.AnewreportonBrazilianlogisticsfndstransportationcostsinthecountryhaverisensignifcantlyduetothreeactorsnewleg-islationimpactingtheworkinghoursotruckdriversasharpincreaseindieseluelpricesandrisingexportvolumesormajorcommodities.Duringthenextewmonthstheupwardpressureoninternalreightrateswillbeintenseduetoex-pectedlylargeexportvolumesosoybeanscornandsugar.DespitecurrentconstructionprojectstoimproveBrazilstransportandexportingcapac-ityvirtuallynothingcanbedonetoalleviatethecurrentpressureonthesystemintheshorttermortopreventitromintensiying.Asthedominantmethodortransportingmajorcommoditiestoportthecostoroadreighttendstodictatethereightratesorallmodesotransport.ForthisreasonthenewlegislationplusthehikeindieselpriceshavehadsubstantialimpactoncommoditytransportcostssaysAndyDuheadoRabobankBrazilsFoodandAgribusinessResearchandAdvisoryDepartment.CompoundingthechallengeBrazilsexportsosoybeanscornandpotentiallysugarareallexpectedtorisein2013basedonhigherproductionorecasts.FavorablemarginsorsoybeansandcornhavebeenthekeydriversbehindexpansionoproductionobothcropsinBrazil.Sugarproductionisexpectedtorisemodestlythisyearasaresultoarecoveryincaneyieldsinthecentersouthregionatertwodifcultyears.AccordingtoRabobanksoybeantradingcompanieswillhavetoabsorbmuchotheincreaseintransportcoststhisyear.Howevertheexpectationohighercostsnextseasonislikelytobepassedbacktoarmgatepricesviathepricesthattradingcompaniesoerorcontractsoybeanpurchasesromarmers.Whilethiswouldimpactmarginsorsoybeanproducersandthesameislikelytobethecaseorcornitcouldalsoultimatelyresultinlowerrawmaterialpricesorpigandpoultryoperationsinmajorgrain-producingregions.RabobankSTATUSAUSTRALIATHELONG-AWAITEDAus-tralianSeedFederationPastureSeedProductDatabasewasreleasedattherecentASFSeedBusinessConventionheldinAdelaide.Forthefrsttimeallcommercially-availablepastureproductsareas-sembledintheoneplace.TheASFPastureSeedProductDatabaselistspastureseedproductsbyspecies.Italsoidentifestheintellectualprop-ertymarketingandvarietalstatusothevariouspastureseedproductsnominatedbytheirAustralianmarketersaysBillFullerASFCEO.Oneothemajorbeneftsothedatabaseisthatitidentifeswhichpastureproductsarevarietiesandwhicharenot.Implicitinthedefnitionovarietyisasubstantiatedcapacitytoconsistentlydeliverthedescribedgeneticcharacteristicsothepastureseedproduct.TheASFsaysanyonecanbrandabagoseedandmakeaclaimaboutitsperormancebuttohaveconfdenceinthoseclaimsconsumersneedtoknowitisavariety.Toqualiyasavarietyinternationally-agreedscientifcproceduresmustbeollowedinordertodemonstratethatthenewvarietyhasthegeneticstabilityanduniormitytodeliverthebeneftsclaimedandcandosooversuccessivegenerations.InrecentyearsthenumberopasturespeciesandpastureworldSTATUSAlookatseedindustrydevelopmentsaroundtheglobe.FarmKinghasbeenaleaderingrainhandlingfordecadesandisproudtointroduceaprovenlineofon-farmseedhandlingsolutionsfortheseedindustry. SEPTEMBER201363seedproductscommerciallyavailableinAustraliahasincreasedsignifcantly.Asaresultothesetrendslivestockproducerstheiradvisorsandpastureseedsuppliersareseekinginormationrelatingnotonlytoanindividualpastureseedproductsadaptationandperormancebutalsototheintellectualpropertymarketingandvarietalstatusothevariouspastureseedproductsavailableonthemarket.InrecognitionotheincreasingdemandtoprovidethisinormationtheASFPlantBreedersandProprietaryMarketersGroupidentifedtheopportunitytocollateandpresentinormationinastructuredandeasilyaccessiblepastureseedproductdatabase.Thedatabaseisdynamicandintendedtobeupdatedannuallytoremoveproductsnolongercommerciallyavailableandtoaddnewones.AustralianSeedFederationSTATUSCHINAGMCORNSEEDSsentromtheUnitedStatesanduncoveredinHarbinCityHeilongjiangprovinceareonceagaingeneratingpubliccon-cernonGMcropsinChina.ThePostOfceoHarbinInspectionandQuarantineBureaureportedinmid-Maythatitseized21boxesocornseedssentromanAmericanenterpriseourtimesinarowweighingatotalo253pounds.TheseseedssenttotwoChineseseedenterprisesinHeilongjiangwereidentifedasillegalanddestroyedbythepostofceduetothelackophytosanitarycertifcationissuedbytheexportingcountryandquarantineapprovalissuedbyChineseofcialsinadvance.AterspecializedtestingtwosamplesotheillegalcornseedswererespectivelyoundcontainingatotalosixexogenousgenesincludingtwostructuralgenesEPSPSandNOSassociatedwithresistancetotheherbicidesglyphosateandgluosinate.ThisisthefrsttimethatoreignGMcornseedswereuncoveredinHeilongjiang.AccordingtotheRegulationsonAdministrationoAgriculturalGeneticallyModifedOrganismsSaetyintroducersororeigncompaniesshallapplyorGMOsaetycertifcatestotheMinistryoAgricultureoChinaoragriculturalGMOsoallsaetygradestobeintroducedromabroad.InadditionChinastrictlyprohibitstheimportocornseedsorplantingromtheUnitedStatesromareasinectedwithbacterialwiltdiseaseexceptorasmallquantityoimportsorscientifcresearchwhichshallbespecifcallyapprovedbytheGeneralAdministrationoQualitySupervisionInspectionandQuarantineoChina.SuchalargeamountoGMcornseedsinmultiplebatcheswithunclearepidemicsdrewgreatattentionromtheHeilongjianggovernment.TheillegalbehaviordeliberatelyevadinginspectionandquarantinesupervisionispronetocauseriskstooodsecurityanddogreatharmtolocalecologicalenvironmentagriculturalproductionandpublichealthlocalHeilongjiangofcialssaid.GovernmentdepartmentsrepresentedbytheMOAhavebeentryingtoincreasepublicawarenessoGMtechnologyandproductswiththeaimodispellingpublicearandmisunderstanding.ThereisspeculationthatGMgraincropscouldbereleasedinChinasoonerorlatermainlybecauseorisingoodsecurityconcernsandthehugecommercialvalueoGMcrops.CCMBroughttoyoubyConnectingyourcombinetothemarketwww.farm-king.com 64SEEDWORLD.COMNATIONALMBIRECEIVESPATENTONACTIVEINGREDIENTMarroneBioInnovationsaproviderofbio-basedpestmanagementproductsfortheagriculturalandwatertreatmentmarketshasbeenissuedapatentbytheUnitedStatesPatentandTrademarkOfceforsarmentinetheactiveingredientinitsnewbioherbicidecurrentlyidentiedasMBI-011.SarmentineisoneofthreeherbicidalproductsthatMBIhasunderdevelopmentforcommercialization.Thependingregistrationisforcontrolofannualandperennialgrassandbroadleafweedsintheagriculturalturfandornamentalmarkets.KEYGENEEXPANDSSBGFORBREEDINGKeyGenehasannouncedthatitssequence-basedgenotypingpatentportfoliohasbeenstrengthenedbytherecentUnitedStatespatent8460866entitledHighThroughputSequence-basedDetectionofSNPsusingLigationAssaysprotectingsequence-basedsinglenucleotidepolymorphismgenotypingmethods.ThegrantofthispatentstrengthensKeyGenesleadingpositioninthecompetitiveeldofSBGforbreeding.ThegrantedpatentisoneofseveralSBGpatentsandpatentapplicationsthecompanyownsrelatedtonext-generationsequencing-baseddiscoveryanddetectionofgenomevariants.SGSBROOKINGSANNOUNCESREACCREDITATIONSGSBrookingshasannounceditsrecentthree-yearreaccreditationbytheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturesNationalSeedHealthSystem.ThisachievementexpandstheseedpathogentestingofferedbySGSBrookingsinordertosubstantiatetheissuanceofFederalPhytosanitaryCerticateswhichfacilitatetheinternationalmovementofseed.InadditiontoseedhealthtestingSGSBrookingsisaccreditedforseedsamplingandvisualinspectionofseedpriortoissuanceofphytosanitarycerticates.Thisnewscopeofseedhealthtestingaccreditationincludesanalysisonawidervarietyofseedsuchaslettuceandotherleafycropscucurbitssolanaceaespeciesmaizesoybeansbrassicabeansandpeas.SYNGENTASUBMITSPRODUCTFORREGULATORYREVIEWSoybeangrowersareonestepclosertoachievingseason-longpre-andpost-emergentweedcontrol.SyngentarecentlysubmittedpetitionstotheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencyandtheCanadianPestManagementRegulatoryAgencyforapprovalofmesotrioneherbicideuseonMGIherbicide-tolerantsoybeanswhichprovidetolerancetothreeherbicideactiveingredientsmesotrioneglufosinateandisoxautole.MGIherbicide-tolerantsoybeansarealsounderregulatoryreviewintheUnitedStatesandCanadaaswellasinkeysoybeanimportingcountriesincludingtheEuropeanUnion.Themuch-anticipatedsoybeanswillbeavailableinthelatterpartofthedecade.AdditionallyMGIherbicide-tolerantsoybeanswillbeout-licensedtootherseedcompaniestoincludeintheirbrandedseed.USCOURTRULESINFAVOROFMONSANTOTheUnitedStatesSupremeCourthasunanimouslyruledthatafarmerwhobuyspatentedseedsmaynotreproducethemthroughplantingandharvestingwithouttherightsholderspermission.ThecaseknownasBowmanvs.Monsantorevolvedaroundpatentexhaustion.TheSupremeCourtwastodecidewhetherpatentexhaustionappliedtopatentedseedsafterauthorizedsale.AccordingtotherulingoftheSupremeCourtunderthedoctrineofpatentexhaustiontheauthorizedsaleofapatentedarticlegivesthepurchaseroranysubsequentownerarighttouseorresellthatarticle.Suchasalehoweverdoesnotallowthepurchasertomakenewcopiesofthepatentedinvention.Thequestioninthiscaseiswhetherafarmerwhobuyspatentedseedsmayreproducethemthroughplantingandharvestingwithoutthepatentholderspermission.WeholdthathemaynotsaidJusticeKaganindeliveringtheopinionofthecourt.MONSANTOANDUSDATOCOOPERATEONEISMonsantoCompanyhasannouncedthatitwillcooperatewiththeUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturesAnimalandPlantHealthInspectionServiceasitpreparesanenvironmentalimpactstatementonthecompanysnext-generationdicambaweedmanagementtechnologiesRoundupReady2XtendsoybeanandBollgardIIXtendFlexcottontechnologies.MonsantonotedthatitwillworkwithAPHIStocompletethisactionassoonaspossibletoensurethatU.S.soybeanandcottonfarmersgainaccesstotheseimportantnewtechnologies.Monsantonotedthatapproximately100growersin16stateswillhavetheopportunitytoevaluatetheRRXtendCropSystemontheirfarmsin2013.TheRRXtendCropSystemisatechnologydesignedtohelpmaximizeweedcontrolthrougheffectiveandsustainableweedmanagementoptionsgivingfarmersanothertooltomanageglyphosate-resistantweedsandimprovecropyield.INTERNATIONALBRAZILAPPROVESNEWGMCORNBrazilsNationalTechnicalCommissiononBiosafetyhasapprovedthecommercialreleaseofgeneticallymodiedcornTC1507xDAS-59122-7aninsectresistantandherbicidetolerantvarietydevelopedbyDowAgroSciencesSeedsBiotechnologyBrazilLtda.andDuPontBrazilSA.INTACTASOYBEANSRECEIVEAPPROVALMonsantoCompanysrsttechnologydevelopedspecicallyforaninternationalmarketIntactaRR2PROREGULATORYROUNDUPKeepingyouinformedoflegislativeandregulatorychangesatthestatenationalandinternationallevelsfromlawsuitstoapprovalstootherregulatoryissuesaffectingyourbusiness. SEPTEMBER201365TheSeedKOTErangeofproductsisdesignedwithseedenhancementinmind.KannarEarthScienceLtd.2220NorthmontParkwaySte250DuluthGA30096Phone678475-1155Fax678623-5849www.KannarGroup.comUseKannarSeedKOTEcolorantsandpolymerswithconfidenceAPEFreeSuitableforuseasinertsinfood-usepesticideformulationsUSEPAFREETRIALOFFERTryourtruecoatingsolutiontodemonstrateoursuperioritycompatibilityandeaseofuse.IntensecolorsallseedsCropspecificpolymersVisitwww.kannargroup.comfreeseedexperience 66SEEDWORLD.COMsoybeanshasreceivedofcialapprovalfromChinasMinistryofAgriculture.WiththisapprovalMonsantowillnowbegincommercialpreparationforthefull-scalelaunchofIntactaRR2PROsoybeansinBrazilfortheupcomingcropseason.IntactaRR2PROsoybeansarealsoexpectedtobecomeoneofthecornerstoneproductsinMonsantosnext-generationsoybeanplatform.Thetechnologyrepresentsoneofthemostsignicantgrowthdriversinitsglobalportfolioanditisestimatedthatitcoulddeliverbenetstofarmersinmorethan100millionacresacrossSouthAmerica.CHINAAPPROVESDROUGHTTOLERANTHYBRIDSChinahasofciallygrantedfullregulatoryimportauthorizationforMonsantoCompanysbiotechnologytraitinGenuityDroughtGardhybridsaspartofaseriesofapprovals.FarmerswhopurchasedDroughtGardhybridsforplantingin2013signedagrainstewardshipagreementcommittingtousethegrainason-farmfeedortosellthegrainfordomesticuseduetopendingimportapprovalsinkeyexportmarkets.WiththeapprovalinChinaMonsantowillremovethegrainstewardshiprequirementsandgrainwillnolongerberequiredtoremaininthedomesticmarket.TheimportapprovalofthistraitisgreatnewsforUnitedStatesfarmerssaysLisaSafarianU.S.rowcropsleadforMonsanto.Withapprovalsinkeyexportmarketsfarmerscanmarkettheirgrainmorebroadlythisyearandplantwithcondencein2014.Thisalsoprovidesexpandedaccesstoanothertoolthatcanhelpfarmersmoresustainablymanagetheirrisk.DEFRAEXTENDSGMWHEATTRIALTheDepartmentforFoodandRuralAffairsintheUnitedKingdomhasgrantedapprovalforRothamstedResearchtoextendatrialofgeneticallymodiedwheatthisfall.Theindependentadvisorycommitteeofreleasestotheenvironmentfoundthatthetrialwillhavenoadverseeffectsonhumanhealthortheenvironment.DefrahassetprecautionaryconditionstoensurenoGMmaterialwillenterthefoodchain.In2011DefraauthorizedRothamstedResearchinHertfordshireEnglandtoplantitsGMaphid-resistantwheatinspring2012and2013.TheGMwheatproducesanaturallyoccurringpheromonethatnotonlyrepelsaphidsbutalsoattractstheirnaturalenemiessuchasladybugsandwasps. Thefirstandonlytrainingcompanytoconductoptimizedseedtraiteducationstewardshipandcompliancetrainingforseedcompaniesdealersgrowersandfieldspecialists.Withmultipletrainingservices10yearsindustryexperienceandcustomizedtrainingtechnologySTEPhasdevelopedtrainingresearchandcompliancepartnershipswithkeyseedindustrycompanies.Thesepartnershipsaredrivingbreakthroughdiscoveriesintraittechnologycomplianceandstewardshiptraining.Tapintoourexperienceandexpertiseanduseourservicestodevelopatrainingprogramforyourcompanyorsupportanalreadyexistingprogram.OurtrainingresourcesincludeTargetedSeedDealernetworktrainingOn-FarmAssessmentsOn-siteGrowerEducationTraitRoyaltyintegrityIntellectualPropertytrainingProgramIntegrityandComplianceAndmoreBenefitfromincreasedrevenueprofitsandROIasaresultofourcustomizedseedtraittechnologytrainingprograms.Contactustodayat1-877-330-STEP-7837oremailusatcontacts-t-e-p.orgforaconsultationandneedsassessment.WewouldlovetodiscusshowSTEPcansupportyourcompanysAgIndustryefforts. 68SEEDWORLD.COMPEOPLENEWSLegacySeedshasannouncedthatAndrewHeathhasbeenhiredfortheroleofwesternWisconsindistrictsalesmanager.HeathwillassumetheresponsibilitiesofNinaHoltewhohastakenontheroleofagronomyservicesmanagerforLegacySeeds.KyleGovinwhoiscurrentlyattendingUWRiverFallshasbeenofferedasummerinternshipandwillassisttheLegacyteamofexpertsthroughoutthesummer.RyanSaundershasbeenhiredasthecompanysnewwarehousemanagerandCollinDurranthasjoinedtheLegacyteamintheroleofpackagingleadgeneralwarehouse.AgReliantGeneticshasannouncedthatChrisClucashasjoinedthecompanyasdirectorofnorthernbreeding.BasedatthecompanysKirklandIll.researchfacilityClucaswilloverseethecompanysearly-seasoncornproductportfolio.BenzonLorenzanahasbeenhiredasthecompanysdirectorofplantbreedingtechnology.Lorenzanawillmanagethediscoveryanddevelopmentofnewplantbreedingtechnologiesandtechniquestofurtheradvancethecompanyscornresearchefforts.CraigKleinschmidthasbeenpromotedtodirectorofsouthernbreeding.KleinschmidtwillworkfromtheKirklandresearchstationservingasthestationmanagerandmaintainhisbreedingprogram.Kleinschmidtwilldirectthecompanysfull-seasonbreedingteam.InordertomanagethegrowingbusinessandtotakeadvantageofnewopportunitiestheboardofdirectorsatRoyalBarenbrugGrouphasbeenexpanded.JohnThijssenhasbeenappointedtotheboardeffectiveimmediately.InthispositionThijssenisresponsibleforthebusinessintheNorthernHemisphereEuropetheUnitedStatesandChina.ThijssenwhohasbeenwiththeBarenbrugGroupsince1994andhasheldthepositionofCEOofBarenbrugUSAforthelasteightyearswillinitiateandexecutestrategicalliancesintheNorthernHemisphere.INDUSTRYNEWSIndustryNewsisgearedtoseedprofessionalsanddeliversthepeopleindustrybusinessandproductnewsyouneedtoknow.Submissionsarewelcome.Emailusatnewsissuesink.com.DowAgroScienceshasnamedNikkiHallitsU.S.portfoliomarketingleaderforcerealsandriceandJustinStewartitsproductmanagerforcerealherbicides.Hallwillleadthebusinessmanagementteamsforcerealsandriceproductsandwillalsobeaccountableforthecompanysgrowthgoalsinthesemarkets.AsthenewproductmanagerforcerealherbicidesStewartisresponsibleforleadingproductdevelopmentplacementpricingandpromotionsinthewinterwheatspringwheatanddurummarketsegments.BayerCropSciencehasannouncedthatRdigerScheitzaheadofstrategyandbusinessmanagementandlabordirectorhasretiredafter31yearsofservice.ThecurrentfunctionofSBMwillbesplitintotwoseparateunitsstrategyandbusinessmanagement.TheunitstrategywillbeheadedbyMathiasKremerwhoiscurrentlyheadofseedsatBayer.TheunitbusinessmanagementwillbeheadedbyGavinMarchantcurrentlyBayerscountryheadofJapan.AchimNoackexecutivecommitteememberandheadofproductsupplywilltakeovertheresponsibilityaslabordirectorinadditiontohiscurrentduties.FrankTerhorstresponsibleforfruitsandvegetablesandinsecticideswillsucceedKremerasheadofseeds.PRODUCTNEWSSyngentahaslaunchedClarivaaproprietaryseedtreatmentnematicidebasedonthePasteuriatechnologyacquiredin2012.Clarivaconsistsofnaturallyoccurringsoilbacteriawithauniquedirectmodeofactiononnematodeswhichcausesignicantdamagetoallmajoragriculturalcrops.SoybeangrowersinparticularhavelongbeensearchingforadditionaltoolstomanagethewidespreadcystnematodeproblemwhichintheU.S.alonecausesmorethanabilliondollarsofannualyieldlosses.ClarivawilltakenematodecontroltoanewlevelandreinforceourgloballeadershipinseedtreatmentinnovationsaysJohnAtkinSyngentaschiefoperatingofcer.ClarivawillbeavailableintheUnitedStatesforthe2014growingseason.Furtherworldwideregistrationsacrossmajorcropsareplanned.Floragenexhaslaunchedanewtieredsystemofgenomicservicestohelpbetterservetheexpandinggenotypingbysequencingmarket.ThelineupcreatesthreeFloragenexservicearmsDiscoveryGenotypingandAnalyticseachaddressingmajorcustomerneedsingenomicsresearch.UnderthenewarrangementFloragenexDiscoverywillprovideexpertiseinSNPmarkerdevelopmentGenotypingwillsupportclientsinterestedingenotypingsolutionsusingnext-genDNAsequencingwhileAnalyticswilldeveloplow-costbioinformaticstools.GrainandforagesorghumgrowersintheU.S.GreatPlainsnowhaveadditionalseedoptionsthankstoanewdistributionagreementbetweenAltaSeedsandEasternColoradoSeedsLLC.AltaSeedsisthepremiumseedbrandofAdvantaUStheleadingproviderofsorghumgeneticsinNorthAmerica.EasternColoradoSeedsbasedinBurlingtonColo.hasseedsalesmencoveringeightstatesincludingColoradoKansasNebraskaWyomingOklahomaTexasNewMexicoandUtah.EasternColoradoSeedwillofferthefullAltaSeedslineupofforageandgrainsorghumhybridsincludingthehighlyproductivebrachyticforagesorghums.BUSINESSNEWSVilmorinCieandKWSSAATAGhaveobtainedauthorizationfromtheEuropeanCommissionfortheir5050jointventureGenective.TheauthorizationisakeystepinenablingthetwocompaniestointensifytheirresearchcollaborationwiththersttraitsexpectedtobeavailableforpurchaseintheUnitedStateswithinthreeyears.VilmorinandKWSfoundedGenectiveinordertofocustheireffortsonrst-generationcorntraits.ThetraitswillenableeachofthetwopartnerstogloballymarketGMcornseedsthat 70SEEDWORLD.COMLowprolehighcapacityportablesystem.Convenientlyunloadupto10000BPH270TPH.Approachrampsconvenientlyfoldforultranarrowtransport.Dependabilityofchainconveyordesignwithminimalmaintenance.SelectfromElectricorHydraulicDrive.Oversizehopperwithexiblerubberbeltingsimpliestrailerpositioning.TolearnmoreabouttheHutchinsonHighCapacityPortableHoppercallustodayat1-800-523-6993.DRIVE-OVERCHAINCONVEYORHIGHCAPACITYElectricDrivefurnishesaneconomicalreliabledrive.HydraulicMotorDriveisalsoavailable.Ratchetjackaxleliftortheoptionalhydrauliccylinderallowseasyconversionforhoppertransportation.Noneedtoremoveaxle.Reinforcedspringloadedrampswillfoldfornarrowtransportwidth.Removablehitchallowsforadditionaloperatorconvenienceduringoperation.OptionalSideInletavailableforunloadingside-dumpwagons.P.O.Box629ClayCenterKansas67432Ph.785632-2161FAX785632-5964www.hutchinson-mayrath.comTHEWORLDOVERMOVESAWORLDOFGRAINutchinsonHINDUSTRIESINC.includetheirowntechnologiestomeetthespecicdemandsofagriculturalmarketsfordiversicationofsourcesoftransgenictraits.NovozymeshassignedanagreementtoacquireTJTechnologiesInc.basedinWatertownS.D.TheacquisitionisanimportantstepinbuildingNovozymesbusinesswithinbioagricultureinthecaseofTJTechnologiesspecicallywithinthebioyieldenhancementsegment.TJTechnologiesisafront-runnerinbioyieldenhancersandthisacquisitionwillfurtherunderpinNovozymespositionsaysThomasVidebkexecutivevicepresidentofNovozymesandheadofbusinessdevelopment.CombiningourexistingproductswithTJTechnologiesstrongandprovenportfoliobrandsandregionalmarketcoveragewillstrengthenthejointcompanyscommercialpositioninimportantcropmarkets.DuPonthasopeneditsJohnstonInnovationCenterinIowathecompanyssecondinnovationcenterintheUnitedStatesfocusingonthecompanysuniqueintegratedsciencecapabilitiesacrossthefoodagricultureandenergyvaluechains.Thekeyistoquicklyconnectourintegratedsciencetothemarket.TheinnovationcentersenableDuPonttoharnessitsglobalsciencecapabilitiestocreatelocalsolutionsthataretailoredtomeetthemostpressingmarketneeds.TheJohnstonlocationprovidesauniqueenvironmentforcollaborationamongmorethan10000DuPontscientistsandengineerswithcustomersgovernmentofcialsacademicsandbusinesspartnersaroundtheworldsaysEllenKullmanDuPontschairandCEO.BayerCropSciencehasopenedanewwheatbreedingstationlocatednearParisFrance.ThecenterispartofBayersgrowingnetworkofwheatbreedingstationsworldwidelocatedinAustraliaCanadaGermanyUkrainetheUnitedStatesandnowFrance.Thenewcenterwillfocusonimprovingyieldsaddressingchallengeswithrespecttowater-useefciencyandheattoleranceandimprovingresistancetowheatfungaldiseases.Therstcommercialvarietiesfromthebreedingprogramatthisstationareexpectedbytheendofthedecade.INDUSTRYNEWSAteamofresearchersfromtheUniversityofCaliforniaDavisandKansasStateUniversityhasidentiedagenethatenablesresistancetoanewraceorstrainofstemrustadiseasethatiscausinglargewheatyieldlossesthroughoutAfricaandAsiaandisthreateningglobalfoodsecurity.Bytransferringthisgenetocommercialwheatvarietiesresearcherssaywheatbreederswillhaveadistinctadvantageincontrollingtheepidemic.Anewraceof SEPTEMBER201371awheatdiseasecalledstemrustUg99hasbeenspreadingoverlargedistancessince1999threateningimportantwheatproductionareasoftheworldsaysJorgeDubcovskyawheatgeneticistatUCDavis.ThisstudyidentiesagenecalledSr35thatconfersnear-immunitytothisnewrace.Theresearchteamwillnowworktoidentifywhichcombinationofresistancegenescandeliveramoredurableresistanceagainstthedisease.FindingsfromthestudyhavebeenpublishedinthejournalScienceExpress.AnewAfricanPlantBreedingAcademydesignedtotrainagenerationofplantbreederswhowillhelpimprovethenutritionalvalueofindigenousAfricancropshasbeenlaunchedbytheUniversityofCaliforniaDavisincollaborationwiththeAfricanUnionsNewPartnershipforAfricasDevelopmentandtheAfricanOrphanCropsConsortium.TheAfricanPlantBreedingAcademywillenableplantbreederstoenhancethenutritionalvalueofthesekeycropsthroughbreedingandapplicationofgenomictools.TheInternationalServicefortheAcquisitionofAgro-BiotechApplicationshasaddedanotherfeaturetoitsonlineGMApprovalDatabaseallowingusersaccesstousefulinformationonapprovedbiotechcropvarieties.Thenewsectionofthedatabaseprovideslinkstomoredetaileddescriptionsofgeneticmodicationeventsriskassessmentdocumentsregulatorydecisionsexpertopinionsandmethodsofdetectingeventsorgeneticelements.Thedatabasecurrentlyholdsinformationfor328uniqueeventsrepresenting26biotechcropswithregulatoryapprovalinatleastonecountryforfoodfeeduseorcommercialcultivation.Geneticallymodiedcropshavebeendevelopingrapidlyworldwideinrecentyears.HoweverissuessurroundinglowlevelpresenceofGMproductsinshipmentsisemergingduetoasynchronousapprovalsamongimportingandexportingcountriesandlowtolerancelevelsforadventitiouspresenceofGMproductsunapprovedbyimportingcountries.ResearchersfromtheCenterforChineseAgriculturalPolicyoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesprovidedinsightsintothedenitionofLLPemphasizingitsspecicityandinevitabilityfromatechnicalperspective.Findingsillustratedthatmutualtrustandinformationexchangemechanismsshouldbebuiltupamongimportingandexportingcountries.Meanwhileitiscriticaltoshortenthetimerequiredtoreceiveimportsafetyapprovalandsetupthescience-basedLLPthreshold.ThearticlehasbeenpublishedinthejournalChinaBiotechnology. 72SEEDWORLD.COMWiththe2014ISFWorldSeedCongressinBeijingChinacomingupitisworthwhiletotakealookathowagriculturewilldevelopinthecomingdecadesandtheinfuencethatdevelopmentsinChinawillhaveonworldmarkets.Inindustrializedcountriesorthepastcoupleodecadesagriculturecouldbestbecharacterizedbysurplusesinproductionwhichwerepolicy-induced.Ontheotherhandweveseenstagnatinggrowthindevelopingcountries.LookingspecicallyattheseedsectorISFdatashowsthattheglobaldomesticmarketvalueoseedsorsowinghasincreasedrom13billionin1979towellover46billionin2013.Atthesametimethevalueoexportedseedshasshotupromalittlelessthan1billionin1970tomorethan10billionin2013amorethantenoldincrease.TherecentlypublishedOECD-FAOAgriculturalOutlookfor2013-2022predictsthatasaresultoslowerareaandproductivitygrowththeincreaseinagriculturalproductionislikelytoslowdowninthecomingdecade.Pricesareexpectedtoremainrelativelyhighandsupplyshouldbeabletokeeppacewithdemand.Itsgoodtorealizethattheseedindustryisonlyoneotheactorsinthiseld.Forexampleitishorriyingtoseethateachyearabout1.3billiontonsooodislostorwastedworldwideinarmerseldsandromconsumersplates.Thistranslatesintooneoutoeveryourcaloriesproducedbytheglobalagriculturalsystem.Thissituationposesaseriouschallengetotheworldsabilitytoreducehungerandmeettheoodneedsotherapidly-expandingglobalpopulation.Thereoremeasurestoreduceoodlossandwastewillbeimportantinmeetingrisingdemandandorincreasingproductivity.Inthenextdecadetheproductionoethanolwillincreaseby67percent.By2022biouelproductionisprojectedtoconsumeasignicantamountothetotalworldproductionosugarcanevegetableoilsandcoarsegrains.TheproductionosugarispredictedtoincreasemainlyromsugarcaneinBrazilandIndia.Chinahasone-thotheworldspopulationandChineseagricultureanditsdevelopmentsarelikelytohaveamajorinluenceonworldmarkets.AsproductioninthecountryisincreasinglyconstrainedanddemandkeepsgrowingstrongerChinawilllikelyneedtorelymoreonagriculturalimports.OutlookonAgricultureChinaFoodsecurityandsel-suciencyinthekeyoodcropsriceandwheathavebeentopprioritiesorChinesepoliticiansandtheoutputhasgrownbetweenourandvetimessince1978.Thisisduetoagriculturalandruralreorms.Butatthesametimeoodpriceinfationhasalsobeenrisinginthepastcoupleoyearsandtheagriculturaloutputislikelytoslowdowninthenext10yearsespeciallyduetobarrierssuchasrurallaborandresources.ChinahasbeenworkinghardatachievingitsMillenniumDevelopmentGoalsespeciallywithregardstoreducingundernourishment.Thenumberoundernourishedpeoplehasallenbyastaggering100millionsince1990despiteapopulationincreaseo200million.Theabove-mentionedbarriersinresourcesandresultingslowdowninproductionmeansthatconsumptioninChinawillslowlystartoutpacingproductionataspeedoaround0.3percentperyear.TheChinesegovernmenthasimplementedapolicythatnourtherlandcanexitromagricultureandits12thve-yearplanhassetveryspecictargetsorricewheatcoarsegrainsoybeansandtubersintermsoareaandproduction.Globallyasaresultoman-madeberscottonwillcontinuetolosemarketshare.ThecottonareainChinaisprojectedtodeclinebyasmuchas21percentandcottonproductionisexpectedtodeclinebyabout17percent.ThisisduetohighercompetitionwithtextilesromIndiaandothercountrieswithlowlaborcosts.Indiaisprojectedtoincreaseitscottonproductionby25percentwhichwouldmakeittheworldslargestproducer.MarcelBruinsSecretary-GeneralInternationalSeedFederationAbout1.3billiontonsoffoodislostorwastedworldwideinfarmersfieldsandfromconsumersplates. KEEPTREATMENTSONTHESEEDAlwaysreadandfollowdirections.FloRiteisaregisteredtrademarkofBASF.2013BASFCorporation.AllRightsReserved.13-BU-CP-003Productsappliedtoseedneedtostayontheseedallthewaythroughtoplanting.Fast-dryingFloRitePlantabilityPolymersdeliveruniformcoveragetohelplockdownfungicidesinsecticidesinoculantsandotherseedtreatmentproductsontheseed.ApplicationofaFloRitePlantabilityPolymerhelpsMinimizeundesirabledustduringhandlingIncreaseseedowthroughtreatingequipmentwithlessstickinessandbridgingImproveseedplantabilitywithfewerskipsanddoublesandmoreuniformstandsInsistonFloRitePlantabilityPolymers.Tolearnmorevisitagproducts.basf.us.