b'BRUSSELS SPROUTSBY: NICK VANGHELUWETO CHATGPT OR NOT TO CHATGPTWHATS THE POTENTIAL OF AI-BASED LANGUAGE SYSTEMS FOR SEED SECTOR ADVOCACY?T he launch of ChatGPT received recently a lot of publicity. The chatbot relies on GPT-3, a language model trained on about 10 million words from different sources. This subfield of artificial intelligence (AI), generative AI creates new content based on patterns it has learnt from existing data. There is no reason to believe ChatGPT is not being used exten-sively already in text writing. So one can wonder what will be the possible impli-cations of generative AI on competencies, communication, and advocacy?WILL AI-BASED LANGUAGE MACHINES OUTPERFORM YOU?ChatGPT(GenerativePre-trained Transformer) was launched in November by the U.S.-based research lab OpenAI. It is an open access AI writer that brieflyNO, IT WILL NOT (YET)ant of ChatGPT into its Bing search engine answers questions. If you are unsatisfiedOUTPERFORM YOU BECAUSEdirectly linked to the Internet, and Google with the result, you simply ask the systemIT STILL HAS SOME SERIOUShas launched an alternative to ChatGPT, for a new answer. ChatGPTs creatorsLIMITATIONS namely Bard.taught the chatbot to communicate throughIt is important to be aware that in termsUsers can purchase certain formats examples of dialogues between people,of content, the information ChatGPT gen- that allow them to develop their own tools and fine-tuning is done through humanerates is unreliable. This feature in the AIsupported by AI-based language models. feedback. The system can also summarize,world is being referred to as hallucination.For instance, there are already AI appli-translate, restructure and correct text inFor instance, ChatGPT will generate refer- cations for copywriting, for social media, different languages. ences to scientific papers by imitating theirfor writing legal texts, etc. To get an idea In a nutshell, ChatGPT generates newtypical patterns. Furthermore, ChatGPTof AI adoption, have a look at the grow-content that closely resembles existing con- has limited reasoning abilities, becauseing number of tools with integrated AI tent because the language model will pre- the language model is not built on explicithere: https://bit.ly/3TV394G. Specifically, dict the most likely next word in certainlogic. The answers may also contain biases,Microsoft is working on integrating the contexts. Besides text-to-text, other typesbecause of the biased references used tochatbot into its Office applications such are available such as audio-to-text, text-to- train the system. Finally, ChatGPT willas Word and PowerPoint. Meanwhile, image etc. Check out the online databasegenerate little or no information on eventsOpenAI has launched the successor to of existing Generative AI-tools: https://bit. from January 2022 onward, because it hasGPT-3: GPT-4, which you can use if you ly/3TUKUwg. only been provided with data coveringare subscribed to ChatGPT Plus for a But what are the possibilities ofevents until 2021, and is not linked directlymonthly fee of $20. AI-based language machines for the seedto the Internet. It has become clear that whether you sector? Based on my experience, I thinklike it or not, we will have to deal with there are three key elements that could beWHAT CAN BE EXPECTED FROMAI-based models. However, it remains useful for advocacy. First, it can be used asGENERATIVE AI IN THE NEARunclear what the impact will be on you, an alternative search engine for advancedFUTURE? your work and on society. It will be inter-information retrieval from the internet.AI-based language machines will soonesting to keep a close eye on the develop-Second, it can assist you in adapting profes- access the internet to integrate more recentments and impact of AI! How was your sional language, making it more accessibledata into the answers you get. Moreover,experience?to specific target audiences. Third, it can besearch engines are building variants of used it as a creative writer: from creatingChatGPT into their search systems, in Nick Vangheluwe is Manager Research Policy a classic Donald Trump tweet to a haikuorder to provide AI-generated answers asand Project Coordination at Euroseeds in poem. well. Microsoft has integrated its own vari- Brussels, BelgiumEUROPEAN-SEED.COMIEUROPEAN SEED I 37'